Bishop of Victoria, Hong Kong, was born in 1816 at West Quantoxhead, Somersetshire, of which parish his father was rector. From St. Paul's School he was sent to Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A., 1839; M.A., 1842; D.D., 1867). After taking orders he became Incumbent of St. Matthew's, Rugby, in 1841; Incumbent of Christ Church, Doncaster, in 1846; Principal of the Metropolitan Training Institution at Highbury, in 1854; and Incumbent of Holy Trinity, Islington, in 1865, where he had a high reputation as an Evangelical preacher. He was consecrated Bishop of Victoria, Hong Kong, Feb. 2, 1867, in place of Dr. George Smith, who had resigned that see in the previous year. He himself resigned the see of Victoria in 1872. He was vicar of Christ Church, Claughton, near Birkenhead, from June, 1874, till Sept. 1877, when he accepted the incumbency of the new district of St. Mary, Sevenoaks, Kent. In the winter of 1877 he acted for a few Sundays as Chaplain of Trinity Protestant Church, Rome, but resigned that post on finding that the Bishop of Gibraltar was unable to licence him to the chaplaincy, in consequence of the want of legally appointed trustees to the church. He was appointed Commissary of the diocese of Huron, Canada, in 1880. Dr. Alford is the author of "First Principles of the Oracles of God;" a "Charge" on China and Japan; and various sermons and pamphlets.
ALFRED, Prince. (See Edinburgh, Duke of.)
ALGER, William Rounceville, born at Freetown, Massachusetts, Dec. 11, 1823. He graduated at Harvard College and at the Cambridge Divinity School, 1847, and became pastor of a Unitarian Church at Roxbury, near Boston. In 1855 he succeeded Theodore Parker as minister of the Society of "Liberal Christians" in Boston; and in 1876 became minister of the Unitarian Church of the Messiah in New York, where he remained until 1879. He then preached for a year at Denver, and after a few weeks' stay in Chicago went to Portland, Maine. He is now (Nov. 1882), about to return to Boston to devote himself to literature. He has published "A Symbolic History of the Cross of Christ," 1851; "The Poetry of the Orient," 1856; "A Critical History of the Doctrine of a Future Life," 1861; "The Genius of Solitude," 1866; "Friendships of Women," 1867; "Prayers offered in the Massachusetts House of Representatives," 1868; "Life of Edwin Forrest," 1877; and "The School of Life," 1881.
ALI PASHA, a Turkish diplomatist, commenced his political career by being one of the referendaries of the Imperial Divan. In 1858, when Fuad Pasha went to Paris as Plenipotentiary representing the Porte at the Conference which had assembled to draw up the conventions respecting the United Principalities, he attached Ali Bey to his mission, and the latter rendered himself conspicuous by his general intelligence and aptitude for diplomacy. In 1861 he was appointed First Secretary to the Ottoman Embassy at Paris, and when in 1862 he went on leave of absence to Constantinople, the Government entrusted him with the delicate mission of Commissioner to Servia after the bombardment of Belgrade. Owing to his address and tact he succeeded in settling nearly all the difficulties. Whilst performing these functions, he was in 1865 placed in charge of the political direction of the province of Bosnia. In 1868 he was appointed member of the Council of State, and afterwards undertook several other missions. In 1869 he was nominated to the important post of Under-Secretary of State at the Ministry of Public Works. He remained in that office until 1870, when he was made governor of Erzeroum, and