institation — orchestral miisic, ora- torio perf ormances, and exhibitions of sacred paintings, are made to f onn portions of the ordinary c}tQrch serrices, whidi are invari- ably thronged, and begin with the fizst Sunday in the year. Mr. Haweis has also been an indefatig- able advocate of the Sunday open- ing of Museums. He has been a frequent lecturer at the Boyal In- stitution, where he recently de- lirered a series on the American Humorists, which he repeated at tlie London Institution. He was one of the first to adyocate and establish the Penny Beadings for the People, since grown popular thzonghout the country, and he also takes the heartiest interest in the progress of musical art, of which he has been an ardent votary from his earUest youth, having been in earlier days a great violin player. He is oonsiderea an authority on " violins " and " bells," on both of which he has lectured at the Eoyal Institution. In 1877 Mr. Haweis was gazetted acting chaplain to the 20th Middlesex Bifie Volunteers. He is a voluminous contributor to the periodical press, including the Quarterly Review, the Contemporary Review, and €hod Words; he was appointed editor of CasselVs Maga- tine in 1868; and he was on the original staff of the Echo, for lead- ing articles and musical criticism. He is the author of "Music and Morals," " Thoughts for the Times," "Speech in Season," "Cfurrent Coin," " Arrows in the Air," " Pet," a book for children ; " Ashes to Ashes," a cremation prelude ; "Am^can Humorists" (1883), the hymn " Homeland ; " and " Unsec- tarian Family Prayers."
HAWEIS, Mrs. Mabt £., is tbe daughter of Mr. T. M. Joy, the well-known portrait and his- torioal painter. Her mother was M^ Sprat, great granddaughter of l>r. Sprat, Bishop of Bochester. She is a careful and original anti- q^iarian student, and her works.
" Chaucer for Schools," and " Chau- cer for Children," as well as her books on art have had a large cir- culation. Among Mrs. Haweis's best known writii^ are " The Art of Beauty," "The Art of Dress," "The Art of Decoration," and "Beautiful Houses." At the age of sixteen, Mrs. Haweis as Miss Joy, exhibited her first oil painting in the Boyal Academy, and sul^ sequently was an exhibitor at the Dudley Gallery. In addition to illustrating her own books, she has embellish^ several of her hus- band's publications with wood-cuts and covers; and has drawn for many periodicals.
HAWKINS, Benjamin Watbb- Housx, F.G.S., born in Devonshire Street, London, Feb. 8, 1807, was educated at St. Aloysius College. His earliest attempts in art were made under the instruction of the late W. Behnes, the celebrated sculptor. Mr. Hawkins has devoted himself to the study of natural his- tory since 1827, and to that of geology since 1852. In 1842 he was invit^ by the late Earl of Derby to reside at Knowsley, to make studies from the living animals, and was occupied in this manner until the end of 1847. During these five years and a half he obtained that facility for sketching the animal form which constitutes the attractive featiire of his popular lectures on Geolos^ and Zoology, so well known at the Crystal Palace, and various scien- tific and literary institutes in Eng- land and Scotland. He was as- sistant-superintendent at the Great Exhibition of 1851 ; in 1852 was appointed by the Crystal Palace Comi)any to restore the external forms of the extinct animals to their natural gigantic size, and de- voted three years and a half to the construction of the thirty-three life- size models in the Crystal Palace Park, many of them being of co- lossal proportions. In one of these (the Iguanodon^ he carried out, Dec. 30, 1858, his idea of giving a