Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/573

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HENLEY— HENNESSY.

created a Companion of the Bath Dec. 7, 1868, and appointed on Feb. 12, 1869, Commissioner of Police of the metropolis, in the room of Sir Eichard Mayne, deceased. In March, 1878, he was created a K C B

HENLEY, Thi Right Hon. Joseph Wabneb, only son of the late Joseph Henley, Esq., of Waterperry, Oxon, born in 1793, was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. 1815. He is a Magistrate and De- puty-Lieutenant for Oxfordshire, which county he represented in Parliament in the Conservative interest from the general election of 1841. He held the post of Pre- sident of the Board of Trade in Lord Derby's first administration in 1852, and was re-appointed to that office in Lord Derby's second administration in 1858, but re- signed on account of a difference in opinion respecting the Beform Bill, Feb. 1859. He was made a Privy Councillor in 1852. In Jan. 1878, he resigned his seat, and retired from public life.

HENNESSY, Sra John Pope, K.C.M.O., Knight of Malta, is son of Mr. John Hennessy, of Bally- hennessy, co. Kerry, by Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Henry Casey, of Cork. He was born in Cork in 1834, educated at Queen's College, Cork, and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1861. He entered the House of Commons as member for the King's county in 1859. His election address in 1859 was the first in which Mr. Disraeli's name was mentioned. He expressed his confidence in the Imperial policy of Mr. Disraeli, but as a national Conservative reserved entire in- dependence to himself in every- thing relating to Ireland. Mr. Hennessy was the first Catholic Conservative in Parliament. He carried the Select Committee in opposition to Lord Palmerston's Government for throwing open appointments in the Civil Service

of the United Kingdom to public competition, and he amended the Irish Poor Law, so as to provide for the rearing of pauper children out of the workhouses. He re- ceived the thanks of the Catholic Committee of England for the Prison Ministers Act, and an ad- dress of thanks from the miners of Great Britain for some amendments he secured in the Mines' Begula- tion Bill. Mr. Hennessy drew the attention of the House of Commons to the decline of the population of Ireland, and urged the Govern- ment to keep the people at home by amending the Irish land laws, and reclaiming the waste lands. He opposed the Gk>vemment system of education in Ireland, on the ground that the so-called National system was anti-National. He re- peatedly pointed out the danger of the State policy of trying to break down the power of the Catholic Church in Ireland by mixed edu- cation . He voted for Church-rates, and in favour of the Church of England in England, but support- ed concurrent endowment in Ire- land, by which the Irish ecclesiaa- tical property founded before the Beformation woiild be restored to the Catholic Church, and some ancient abbeys in Ireland revived. In foreign affairs he exposed the conduct of the Bussian Govern- ment in Poland, and moved an address to the Crown to carry oirt the stipulaldons of the Treaty of Vienna in favour of the Poles ; he criticised the conduct of Lord Pal- merston aud Mr. Gladstone in their attacks on the Pope ; and supported the independence of the Sovereign Pontiff. He opposed the war in China, and the bombardment of ports in Japan, but supported the Northern States during the Ame- rican Civil War. He voted against the New Zealand war, but sup- ported the claims of the Australian colonies to complete legislative in- dependence of Downing Street. He was appointed Governor <rf