Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/61

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Woman taken in Adultery" in 1879. Mr. Armitage spent the winter of 1879–80 in Algeria, and made numerous studies, but did not exhibit at the Royal Academy in the following spring. In 1881 he exhibited a large "Samson and the Lion," and an altar-piece, in compartments, representing the "Acts of Mercy." In 1882 he exhibited "The Meeting of St. Francis and St. Dominic amongst the Ruins of Ancient Rome," "One of Raffaelle's Models," and "Sea Urchins;" and in 1883, "A Real Centenarian: portrait of Miss W., aged 101 years and 3 months." Mr. Armitage was always fond of aquatic sports, both rowing and sailing. He now possesses a yacht, and is legally qualified to command her, having passed the Board of Trade examination, and obtained a Master's certificate.

ARMSTEAD, Henry Hugh, R.A., sculptor, was born in London, June 18, 1828, and received his artistic education at the School of Design, Somerset House, Leigh's School, Maddox Street, Mr. Carey's School, and the Royal Academy. Among his masters were Mr. McManus, Mr. Herbert, R.A., Mr. Bailey, R.A., Mr. Leigh, and Mr. Carey. As a designer, modeller, and chaser for silver, gold, and jewellery, and a draughtsman on wood, he has executed a large number of works. Among those in silver, the most important are the "Charles Kean Testimonial," the "St. George's Vase," "Doncaster Race plate," the "Tennyson Vase" (Silver Medal obtained for that and other works in Paris, 1855), and the "Packington Shield." His last important work in silver (for which the Medal from the 1862 Exhibition was obtained) was the "Outram Shield," always on view at the South Kensington Museum. His works, in marble, bronze, stone, and wood include the South and East sides of the podium of the "Albert Memorial," Hyde Park, representing the musicians and painters of the Italian, German, French, and English Schools, and some of the greatest poets. There are also four large bronze figures on the Albert Memorial by Mr. Armstead, viz. Chemistry, Astronomy, Medicine, and Rhetoric. He also designed the external sculptural decorations of the new Colonial Offices—reliefs of Government, Europe, Asia, Africa, America, Australasia, and Education, statues of Earl Grey, Lord Lytton, Duke of Newcastle, Earl of Derby, Lord Ripon, Sir W. Molesworth, Lord Glenelg, and also reliefs on the façade of Truth, Fortitude, Temperance, and Obedience. Mr. Armstead designed the whole of the carved oak panels (beneath Dyce's frescoes) in Her Majesty's Robing Room in New Palace, Westminster, illustrating the life of King Arthur, and the history of Sir Galahad; also the external sculpture of Eatington Park, Warwickshire, the large Fountain in the Fore Court of King's College, Cambridge, the Marble Reredos of the "Entombment of our Lord," at Hythe Church, Kent, and other works, including the effigy of the late Bishop of Winchester, in Winchester Cathedral. Mr. Armstead was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy, Jan. 16, 1875, and an Academician, Dec. 18, 1879.

ARMSTRONG, Sir Alexander, K.C.B., F.R.S., LL.D., is a son of the late Mr. A. Armstrong, of Crahan, co. Fermanagh, Ireland. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and at the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated. Having entered the medical department of the Royal Navy in 1842, he served in various parts of the world, and for five years continuously in the Arctic regions. He was present in the "Investigator" at the discovery of the North-West passage. During the Russian war he served in the Baltic, was present at the bombardment of Sweaborg,