Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/631

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.



referred chiefly to his having tra- velled more than 1600 miles amongst the ancient ruins of Peru^ and collected nearly a thousand skulls of the prehistoric Peruvians. Of these above 600 were given by him to the late Professor Agassiz (who visited Callao in 1872) for the Museum of Cambridge, Massachu- setts ; 150 were sent to the Anthro- pological Institute, St. Martin's Place> London. Others of them were presented to the Hunterian Museum in Lincoln's Inn Fields, and several, to the Museums of Oxford, Cambridge, and Liverpool. He wrote a paper "Across the Andes from Callao," which was read before the Boyal Q-eographical Society on March 9, 1874. He is author of " Niger-Tshadda-Binn6 Exploration of 1854-56" (1866); "Impressions of Western Africa" (1868)} "Ten Tears' Wanderings amongst the Ethiopians" (1861); "Buenos Ayres and Argentine Gleanings " (1866) ; " The Parana and South American Beoollections from 1861 to 1868" (1868) ; "Two Years in Peru " (2 vols. 1874) ; and " Summer Holidays in Brittany " (1876) . He is also author of several Consular Reports in the Foreign Office Blue-books. He retired from active service on February 12, 1873, and was granted a pension by the Lords of the Treasury on Apnl 24, 1874. He went as Delegate for the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland to the Inter- national Geographical Congress at Venice, in the month of September, 1881 ; was elected Foreign Corres- pondent of the Itali anGeogr aphical Society at Bome on the 29th of January, 1882.

HUXLEY, Thomas Henbt, LL.D., Ph.D., F.R.S., was born on May 4, 1825, at Ealing, Middlesex, and was for some years educated at the school in his native place, where his father was one of the masters. This preparatory course was fol- lowed by industrious private study, including German scientific litera-

ture, and medical instruction re- ceived from a brother-in-law, who was a physician. Afterwards he attended lectures at the Medical School of the Charing Cross Hos- pital. In 1845 he took the decree of M.B. at the University of Lon- don, with honours in physiology. Having passed the requisite exami- nation, he was appointed assistant- surgeon to H.M.S. Victor, for ser- vice at Haslar Hospital. His next appointment was as assistant-sur- geon to H.M.S. Battlesnake, and he spent the greater x>art of the time from 1847 to 1850 off the eastern and northern coasts of Australia. The results of the studies in natural history for which this cruise afforded facilities, appeared in a work en- titled "Oceanic Hydrozoa, a De- scription of the Calyoophoridffi and Physophoridse observed during the Voyage of H.M.S. BaHlesnake '* (1859). Mr. Huxley returned to England in 1850, and two years later he was elected a Fellow of the Boyal Society. In 1855 he was appointed Professor of Natural History at the Boyal School of Mines in Jermyn-street, and, in the same year, Fullerian Professor of Physiology to the Boyal Institu- tion, and Examiner in Physiology and Comparative Anatomy to the University of London. In 1858 he was am>ointed Croonian Lecturer to the Koyal Society, when he chose for his subject the " Theory of the Vertebrate Skull." When, in 1860, it became Professor Huxley's duty to give one of the courses of lectures to the working men in Jermyn- street, he selected for his subject "The Belation of Man to the Lower Animals." The questions arising out of this topic became the subject of warm controversy at the meeting of the British Association in that and subsequent years. A summary of the whole discussion was given in the work entitled " Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature," 1863, and excited great popular interest both in this coun^ and abroad.