Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/677

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stranded at Monte Video. In 1845 he was wounded in the action of the Obligado whilst in command of the Fanny, and displayed a gal- lantry which earned his early pro- motion to Commander's rank. The wreck of H.M.S. Oargan brought out in him that power of applymg science to the wants of the navy, which has ever since distinguished him. His book, descriptive of the operations which resulted in the recovery of the ship, displayed marked ability and clearness of thought. After three years' ser- vice m the Bulldog t on the coasts of Italy and Sicily, Commander Key was made a Captain in 1850. He served in command of the Amphxon during the Baltic campaign, taking part in the capture of the forts of Bomarsund, and other operations. When the honours were distributed, he was nominated a C.B. (1855). Placed in command of the Sans- pareilt and a squadron of gunboats, he served at Calcutta during the Indian mutiny, and received the thanks of the Governor-General. Soon afterwards he commanded a battalion of seamen at the capture of Canton, where he secured, with his own hand. Commissioner Yeh as he was in the act of escaping over a paling at the back of his vamsen. On his return to England ne was chosen to represent the navy on the Boyal Commission appointed to consider the state of our defences; and in 1860 he be- came captain of the steam ordinary at Devonport. He passed to the Hxeellent in 1863, and found himself in first charge of the great develop- ment of the iron-pUte and the heavy gun. The great changes in gunnery necessitated the creation of a new office at Whitehall, and Captain, afterwards Bear-AdmiraJ Key, filled the post of Director- General of NavfiJ Ordnance until 1869, when he became Superinten- dent of Portsmouth Dockyard. He was next appointed second in com- mand in the Mediterranean^ and

Superintendent of BCalta Dockyard ; and was President of the Soyal Naval College, Greenwich, from Dec. 1872 to Jan. 1876, when he be- came Commander-in-Chief on tiie North America and West India Station. He was promoted Vice- Admiral in 1873, and Admiral in 1878. In 1879 he was appointed Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen. The University of Oxford conferred on him the hono- rary degree of D.C.L. in 1880 ; and for his services in the Egyptian expedition of 1882 he was xnade a G.C.B. Sir A. Cooper Key has held since 1879 the office of Second Lord of the Admiralty under two suc- cessive administrations. KILLALOE, Bishop of. (8m


KILMOEE, ELPHIN. and AB- DAGH, Bishop op. {See Dasi^bt, Db.)

KIMBEBLEY (Eabl op), Ths BiQHT Hon. John Wodshousk, bom Jan. 7, 1826, was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 1847> taking a first-class in claaaical honours. He succeeded his grand- father as third Baron Woddiouse, May 29, 1846, and was raised to the earldom of Kimberley June 1, 1866. In Dec. 1852, he accepted the poet of Under-Secretai^ of State for Foreign Affairs, which he held under Lords Aberdeen and Fal- merston until 1856, when he was appointed Ambassador at St. Peters- burg. He returned from Russia in 1858, and resumed his post as Under-Secretary for Foreign Af- fairs in Lord Palmerston's second administration, June 19, 1858, re- tiHng Aug. 14, 1861. In 1863 he was sent on a special mission to the north of Europe, with the view of obtaining some settlement of the Schleswig-Holstein^ question ; and in Oct. 1864, succeeded the late Earl of Carlisle in the Lord-Lieu- tenancy of Ireland, resigning that post on the fall of Lord BasseU'i second administration, in July,