KIEBY, The Right Rbv. Tobias, Bishop of Lita, was born in the diocese of Waterford, in 1803, and went to Rome in 1829, when he determined to embrace the ecclesi- astical profession, and entered him- self a student at the Roman Semi- nary. Among his fellow students was the present Pope, Leo XIII. Mr. Kirby was ordained a priest in 1833. His learning and piety caused his selection for th^ post of Vice- Rector of the Irish College in 1835, and in 1850 he succeeded Cardinal Cullen as Rector. That office he has held during eventful periods. He witnessed the revolution which drove out Pius IX. and the restora- tion of the same Pontiff, and again that other revolution which 1^ to the usurpation of the temporal power. As the trusted agent of the Irish and many Colonial Bishops, Monsi^or Kirby had fre- quent communications with Pius IX., who created him in 1860 a Private Chamberlain, and with Leo XIII., who soon after his accession raised him to the rank of Domestic Prelate. In May, 1881, he was appointed Bishop of Lita, in partihus infidelium.
KIRK, John, M.D., was born at Arbirlot, near Arbroath, Forfar- shire, in 1833. He graduated M.D. in the University of Edinburgh in 1854, and early distinguished him- self in botany and other depart- ments of natural history. He served on the Civil Medical Staff during the Crimean War, and sub- sequently, for six years, as natural- ist and second in command of Living^stone's second exploring ex- pedition. His health now giving way, he returned to England for a time, and then went back to Africa in the consular service. He was soon promoted to be Consul-General at Zanzibar, and ultimately Politi- cal Agent. In the latter capacity he accompanied the Sultan of Zan- zibar in his visit to England in 1876, having previously, by his great influence with that potentate.
induced him to enter into a treaty for the abolition of the slave trade in his dominions. By his own exertions, and the aid he has afforded to other explorers. Dr. Kirk has materially aided the progress of geographic^ discovery in East Africa ; but his great achievement is the almost complete suppression of the slave trade in the greater part of Eastern Africa.
KIRKWOOD, Daniel, LL.D^ bom in Harford county, Maryland, Sept. 27, 1814. From 1838 to 1850 he taught mathematics in various institutions. In 1851 he became Professor of Mathematics in Dela- ware College ; and since 1856 has held a sinnlar position in the In- diana University. In 1848 he published a paper setting forth his discovery of tiie analogy between the periods of rotation of the primary planets. In vol. xxix. of the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society appeared a notable paper by him on "The Nebular Hypothesis, and the Ap- proximate Commensurability of the Planetary Periods," in which the Theory of Laplace was applied to explain the existence of the gaps in the zone of the minor plamets between Mars and Jupiter, and also assigning a physical cause for the hiatus in the ring of Saturn. He has also published "Meteoric As- tronomy," 1867; and "Comets and Meteors: their phenomena in all Ages, their Mutual Relations, and the Theory of their Origin," 1878.
KITCHIN, The Vebt Rev. Gbobob William, D.D., Dean of Winchester, was born Dec. 7, 1827, at Naughton parsonage, Suffolk, being son of the Rev. I. Kitchin, Rect<» of St. Stephen's, Ipswich, by his wife, a daughter of Rev. W. Bardgett, Rector of Melmerby, Cnmt^rland. He was educated at Ipswich Grammar School, Kind's College School, and Christ Churdi, Oxford (B.A. — double first-class— 1850 J M.A. 1853 ; D.D. 1888). He was appointed Tutor of Christ