and Collembola ; " two volumes of Lectures and Addresses ; and lastly a work on Ants^ Bees^ and Wasps, wldch in less than a year ran through five editions ; and nearly a hundred separate memoirs on zoological, physiological, and ar- chseological subjects in the Trans- actions of the Koyal Society, the SoMety of Antiquaries, the Linnean, Ethnological, Geological, and Ento- mological Societies, and the British Association. He was chosen as President of the British Association for the "Jubilee " year (1881), and presided over the meeting held at York. He is now President of the Linnean Society. He has been President of the Ethnological and Entomological Societies, and of the Anthropological Institute, Vice- President of the British Associa- tion, and of the Eoyal Society. Sir John Lubbock has been twice chosen to represent Maidstone in Parliament. In Feb. 1870, after he had been defeated as a Liberal candidate for West Kent by only fifty votes, he was triumph- antly returned for the coxmty town, an honour which was renewed at the general election of 1874; in 1880, however, he lost his seat, but was immediately returned by the University of liOndon, for which he now sits. In the House of Com- mons he has spoken principally on financial and educational subjects. He has been so fortunate as to succeed in carrying no fewer than fourteen importaiit public measures, including the Bank Holidays Act (1871), by which four new statute holidays were added to the two previouslyin existence. Among^the other measures were — ^the Abscond- ing Debtors Bill, the Apothecaries' Company Medical Act Amendment BiU, the University of London Medical Act Amendment Bill, the Falsification of Accounts Bill (by which, for the first time, it became an offence to falsify accounts for the purpose of fraud), the Bankers' Books Evidence Bill, the College
of Surgeons Medical Act Bill, the Factors' Acts Amendment Bill, and the Bills of Exchange Bill, which consolidates and codifies the whole law relating to bills of exchange, cheques, and promissory notes. More recently his name has been as- sociated with the '* Ancient Monu- ments Bill," which, during the present session, has received the sanction of the legislature. In 1877 he moved the " previous ques- tion" to Mr. Gladstone's famous resolutions on the Eastern Ques- tion. Sir John was a member of the Public School Commission and of the Advancement of Science Commission. In March, 1878^ he was appointed a Trustee of the British Museum, in the place of the late Sir William Stirling Maxwell. In the same year the University of Dublin conferred upon him the honorary degree of LL.D. He is also a D.C.L. of Oxford, and M.D. of Wflrzburg. He was Vice-Chan- ceUor of the University of London, but resigned the office on his elec- tion to represent the University in Parliament.
LUCA, His Eminence Antonino Savbbio de, Cardinal-Bishop of the Holy Boman Church, was born at Bronte, Sicily, Oct. 28, 1805. His elementary studies were pur- sued in the Capizzi College, from which he removed to the Archi- episcopal Seminary of Monreale, where he studied rhetoric, meta- physics, mathematics, physicf, dogmatic and moral theology^ and canon law, besides acquiring a knowledge of the Greek, Latin, English, French, and German languages. In 1829, De Luca went to Borne to complete his studies, and in 1830 published his first essay in literature. In 1833 he was appointed secretary to Cardinal Weld, and retained that office tiU the Cardinal's death in 1837. From 1835 to 1845 he was editor of the Annale delle Scienze Religiose. In Jan., 1840, Mgr. de Luca accom- panied to Paris Mgr. Bartolomeo