Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/746

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McCLELLAN.

729

L£j.D., was born in Dublin in 1807. Hi? was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he became Classical Ttitor and Examiner. In Nov., 1^38, he was appointed, by the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Prin- cipal of the Upper Canada College, and entered upon his duties in Jan., 1839. In 1842, he became Vice-President of King's College, Toronto, and Professor of Classics, Logic, Ehetoric, and Belles Lettres. In 1848, he was appointed President of the University of Toronto, and in 1853 President of University College, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Toronto, positions which he resigned in 1881, in conse- quence of advancing years. Dr. McCaul has published several volumes of essays and treatises on classical topics. He has also edited for collegiate text-books the Satires and Epistles of Horace (still al- most universally used in schools in Ireland) and i)ortions of Longinus, Lucian, aoid Thucydldes ; and has edited a Canadian journal. In this country he is best known as a writer on Latin Epigraphy. His " Britanno - Boman Inscriptions " and "Christian Epitaphs of the first Six Centuries" have been most favourably received, and have gained for him high reputation as a scholar and a critic.

McCLELLAN, Gen. Geobqe Beinton, born in Philadelphia, Dec. 3, 1826. He graduated at the Military Academy at West Point, in 1846; served with distinction during the Mexican war ; and from 1851 to 1855 was engaged mainly in engineering work in different parts of the United States. In 1856-56 he was a member of the military commission sent to visit the seat of war in the Crimea. In 1857 he re- signed his commission, and became chief engineer of the Illinois Cen- tral Eailroad, and in 1860 was made President of the St. Louis and Cin-

Volunteers, April 23, 1861, and shortly after (May 14) as Major- General in the regular army. After the defeat at BuU Eun he was called to Washington, and placed in command of the troops in that region. Gen. Winfield Scott resigning in Nov., 1861, McClellan was appointed general-in-chief of the armies of the United States. During the year that he was in command he met with a number of repulses, although successful at Yorktown and Antietam. The dis- satisfaction with his delays in push- ing forward was so great that finally, on Nov. 7, 1862, he was superseded in command by Gen. Bumside. After this McClellan took no fur- ther part in the war. In Nov., 1864, he resigned his commission on becoming the Democratic candidate for President, but received only 21 electoral votes, the remaining 212 being cast for Abraham Lincoln. After the election he came to Europe, where he remained till 1868, and then returning to the United States, resumed his practice as an engineer. He was in charge of the Stevens floating battery, which had been for many years in course of construction at Hoboken, opposite New York, but which subsequently proved to be useless. He was Superintendent of Docks and Piers in the city of New York until 1872. From 1877 to 1881 he was Governor of New Jersey. Since 1881 he has been president of a projected under- ground railway in New York City. He has published a "Manual of Bayonet Exercise,'* mainly a trans- lation from the French, but adapted for the use of the United States army, 1852 ; a volume of Ck)vern- ment " Reports on the Pacific Rail- road Survey," 1854; "Reports on the Armies of Europe," 1861 ; "Rei)ort on the Organization and Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac," 1864 j and several papers

cinnati Railroad. At the opening on military subjects contributed of the civil war he was commis- —

sioned as Major-General of Ohio

to Harper's Magcizine, the North American Beinew, and The Century.