ljB71, and he was in command of Uhe Portsmouth district and dock% ]^:ard from 1872 to 1877, when he -w as promoted to the rank of Vice- Admiral. From 1879 to 1882 he was Commander-in-Chief on the North American station. He is the author of " The Voyage of the Pox in the Arctic Seas. A narrative of tJie Discovery of the Fate of Sir John Franklin and his Companions ." liond., 8vo, 1859 ; 3rd edit., 1869.
McCLOSKEY, His Eminence John, Cfurdinal Priest of the Holy Boman Chtirch, fifth Bishop and second Archbi^op of New York, was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., March 20, 1810. He received his early classical training at New York, subsequently entered Mount St. Mary's College, Emmetsburg, Maryland, and after graduation pursued his theological studies in the seminary connected with that college. He was ordained priest in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York, in Jan., 1834. Soon after this he went to Borne, and for two years attended the lectures in the Eoman College. On his return to New York, he was appointed assistant pastor, and six months later pastor of the church of St. Joseph, New York, which office he retwned for six years, except one year (1841), during which he was first President of St. John's College, near Ford- ham, N.Y. In 1844 he was conse- crated coadjutor of the Bt. Bev. John Hughes, D.D., then Bishop, and subsequently Archbishop, of New York, and in Sept., 1847, on the creation of the* new diocese of Albany, was installed as its bishop. He remained in charge of this diocese for seventeen years, ad- ministering its affairs with signal ability, establishing new congrega- tions, erecting a magnificent cathe- dral at Albany, and many other new churches in the diocese, as well as hospitals, asylums, and schools, and introducing numerous new religious communities. On the death of Archbishop Hughes, Bishop
McCloskey was transferred to the vacant see by a pontifical brief bearing date May 6, 1864, and was inaugurated on Aug. 20 in the same year. He was raised to the dignity of a Cardinal Priest by Pope Pius IX., March 15, 1875. The "title" assigned to him was Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Pope Leo XIII. conferred the Bed Hat on Cardinal McCloskey in the Con- sistory held on March 28, 1878. One of the first acts after his installation in the archiepiscopal see of New York was the opening of the new Provincial Seminary of St. Joseph, in a very large and commodious building purchased for the purpose by his predecessor. This seminary has accommodation for 180 students. The Cardinal has been very active in promoting the interests of the Church throughout the see, having established protectories for destitute children, a foundling asylum, an institution for deaf and dumb girls, a home for aged women, a German hospital, an asylxmi for poor old men, and another for poor old women. Many new churches have also been buUt, and others are in process of erection ; and he has actively pushed forward and com- pleted the work upon the new Cathedral of St. Patrick, on Fifth Avenue, in New York, the finest architectural site in the city. He has introduced into the dioces^ several religious orders, which had previously no houses there. Among these are the Capuchins, the Fran- ciscans, the Dominicans, the Sisters of the Poor of St. Francis, the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis, and the Littie Sisters of the Poor.
MacCOLL, The Bev. Malcolm, was born March 27, 1838, at Glen- finan, a sheep farm, occupied by his father, in Invemess-shire, and was educated at Edinburgh, at Trinity College, Glenalmond, and at the University of Naples. He was appointed assistant-curate of St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, in 1861;