he retired from the service, and devoted himself mainly to literary pursuits. In 1872 he was appointed confidential adviser to Sir Bartle Frere on his special mission to Zanzibar. In recognition of his services, as well to the Church of England as to science, Mr. Badger was, in 1873, created a D.C.L. by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Royal Letters Patent; and two years later he was appointed to attend upon the Sultan of Zanzibar and suite during their visit to England. Among his numerous works are a "History of the Imams and Sayyids of 'Omân" (for the Hakluyt Society), 1871; the "Travels of Ludovico di Varthema in India and the East, A.D. 1503–8" (edited for the same Society), 1873, a work which obtained for him the dignity of Knight Commander of the Crown of Italy; and an "English-Arabic Lexicon," published in 1881, which has been highly eulogised by the press in the East and West. Dr. Badger, who is described in the Times as "one of the highest living authorities on the Arabic-speaking peoples," has also published several reviews of important works on Islâm, and has recently taken a prominent part in the literature connected with the Egyptian crisis. In 1880 he was created a Companion of the Gleaming Star by H. H. the Sultan of Zanzibar.
BAGGALLAY, The Right Hon. Sir Richard, eldest son of the late Mr. Richard Baggallay, of Kingthorpe House, Upper Tooting, was born at Stockwell, Surrey, May 13, 1816, and educated at Caius College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1839 as 14th wrangler, proceeded M.A. in 1842, and gained the Franklin Fellowship at his college. In 1841 he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn. Having acquired an extensive practice at the Equity bar, he was in 1861 appointed one of Her Majesty's Counsel. For several years he was counsel to the University of Cambridge (1869–75). He also became a bencher of his Inn, and a magistrate for the county of Surrey. At the general election in July, 1865, he was returned to the House of Commons in the Conservative interest, though he declared himself to be in favour of extending the franchise to those whose position and intelligence afforded a sufficient guarantee for its proper exercise. He held for a short time the post of Solicitor-General in the administration of Mr. Disraeli, viz., from Sept. to Dec. 1868, when he received the honour of knighthood. Sir Richard was an unsuccessful candidate for the representation of Hereford at the general election of Dec. 1868, and he remained out of Parliament till Oct. 1870, when he was chosen member for Mid-Surrey. At the general election of Feb. 1874 he was again returned by the same constituency, and two months later he succeeded Sir John Karslake as Attorney-General in Mr. Disraeli's administration. On the Judicature Act coming into operation in Nov. 1875, he was appointed a Judge of the Court of Appeal and a member of the Privy Council.
BAGSHAWE, The Right Rev. Edward Gilpin, D.D., Roman Catholic Bishop of Nottingham, is the son of the late Mr. H. R. Bagshawe, Q.C., and brother of Mr. G. H. Bagshawe, both distinguished members of the Chancery bar. He was born Jan. 12, 1829, and entered in 1838 St. Mary's College, Oscott, where he remained ten years. He joined the congregation of the Oratory in Oct. 1849, received the habit on the 21st of Nov. in that year, and was ordained a priest March 6, 1852. On Dr. Roskell resigning the bishopric of Nottingham, Dr. Bagshawe was nominated his successor. His consecration was solemnized at the Oratory, Brompton, Nov. 12, 1874.
BAILEY, The Rev. Henry, D.D., late Warden of St. Augustine's College, Canterbury, and