(Jovemorship of Yemen, in 1871, at the age of 33. As if honours could not be heaped upon him fast enough, he also received the Osmanli of the First Class in brilliants. After the taking of Sana he was further de- corated with the First Class of the Medjidie. In 1873 he returned to Stamboul, where he was appointed Minister of Public Works, but he did not take up the post, as a few days afterwards he was named Go- vernor of Crete. He was not des- tined, however, to rule the people whom St. Paul describes as always liars," for the command of the Shumla army corps feU vacant, and it was conferred on the young mushir. He remained at Snumla for 13i months, during which time he constructed the existing fortifi- cations. Next, appointed Governor and Military Commandant at Erze- roum, he served in the Armenian capital for another 13^ months, when, for yet a third period of 13i months, he took the com- mand of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro, where his friends claimed for him that he gained twenty battles and only loS one. Now named Governor of Candia, he was at the end of ten days about to leave Constantinople when the Go- vernment detained him to have his advice on the questions affecting Montenegro, giving him the nomi- nal command of the 4th or Erze- roum army corps. On the 25th March, 1877, while in his bureau at Stamboul, he learnt that for the first time the prospects of peace were judged hopeless by Turkish statesmen, and making an immedi- ate application for a snip he left in a man-of-war on the 26th for Trebi- zonde, where he arrived on the 30th, proceeding, after three days' hard work in the organisation of land transport, &c., to Erzeroum and Kars. He had only three weeks to provide for the defence of Armenia when the war broke out, and in less than a week from his arrival in Kars that fortress was invested.
and Mukhtar retired on the Soghanly Dagh. His gallant con- duct has become a matter of history. On the evening of the 1st of October, 1877, he received the news that the Sultan had conferred on him the title of Ghazi, one of the greatest honours that can be given to an Ottoman. The word originally means fanatic, but in its modem acceptation it is both Defender of the Faith and Conqueror. Besides this title, the First Class of the Medjidie ^in diamonds, two fine Arab horses, and a sword in bril- liants, marked his Ottoman Ma- jesty's sense of Ahmed Mukhtar's services. In April, 1878, he was appointed Grand Master of Artillery, and in November the same year. Commandant of Janina. In Sept., 1883, he was chosen to proceed to Berlin to attend the German autumn military manoeuvres. He also had several interviews with Prince Bismarck with reference to the entrance of Turkey into the Austro-German alliance. His Excellency is the author of an astronomical work called "Fenni Bassite, on La Science du Quadrant Solaire pour le Temps Torque," the hoxirs in Turkey depending upon the moment of sunset, and consequently varying from day to day.
MULLEB, Basoit Fibdinand Von. (See Mubllbb.)
MCLLER, Fsbdebick Max-. (See MAX-MtiLLEB.)
M0LLER, Geobgb, founder of the Orphanage at Bristol, was, according to his own "Narrative" of the "Lord's Dealings" with himself, born at Eroppenstaedt, near Halberstadt, Prussia, Sept. 27, 1805. In 1810, his parents removed to Heimersleben, where his father was appointed collector in the Ex- cise. Between the ages of ten and eleven he was sent to Halberstadt, to the Cathedral Classical School, there to be prepared for the univer- sity, his father^s desire being that he should become a clergyman.