Grace, Henbt Fitzalan Howabd, Earl of Arundel, Surrey, and Nor- folk, and Baron Fitzalan, Olun, Oswaldestre, and Maltravers, Premier Duke and Earl, Hereditary Earl-Marshal, and Chief Butler of England^ is the eldest son of the seventeenth duke by his wife Au- gusta Mary Minna Catharine, second daughter of Edmund, first Lord Lyons. He was born in Carl- ton Terrace, London, Dec. 27, 1847, and succeeded to the peerage on the death of his father, Nov. 25, 1860. His Grace, who is a zealous Koman Catholic, takes great inter- est in all matters relating to his Church, and frequently presides over public meetings of his co-reli- g^onists. He is President of the Catholic Union of Great Britain. It was to the Duke of Norfolk that Dr. Newman addressed, in 1875, his reply to Mr. Gladstone's " Political Expostulation." He married at the Oratory, Brompton, on Nov. 21, 1877, Lady Flora Hastings, eldest daughter of Charles Frederick Ab- ney Hastings, Esq., of Donington Park, Leicestershire, and the late Countess of Loudon.
NORMANBY (The Marquis of). The Most Noble George Auotts-
TU8 CONSTANTINE PhIPPS, OUly SOU
of the first Marquis, born July 23, 1819, entered the Scots Fusilier Guards in 1838, and was Controller and subsequently Treasurer of the Queen's Household from 1853 till 1858, when he was appointed Go- vernor of Nova Scotia. As Lord Mulgrave, he was member for Scar- borough in the Liberal interest from 1847 till 1851, and from 1852 till 1857. He was sworn a Privy Councillor in 1851, and succeeded to his father's title July 28, 18G3, when he resigned his foreign ap- pointment and returned to England. He was appointed Captain of the corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms, Dec. 17, 1869, and held that office till April 8, 1871, when he was nomi- nated Governor of Queensland. He succeeded Sir James Fergusson as
Governor of New Zealand in 1871. In Dec. 187S he succeeded Sir G. F. Bowen as Governor of Victoria.
NORTH, The Hon. Sir Fori>, Judge of the High Court of Justice, is son of Mr. John North of Liver- pool, and was born there Jan. 10, 1830. He was educated at Win- chester School, and at University College, Oxford, where he gradu- ated as B.A. in 1852, talnng a second class in classics. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1856, was appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1877, and ob- tained a large practice in the Equity Courts, and at the Lancaster Chan- cery and Palatine Courts. He was appointed a Judge of the Queen's Bench division of the High Court of Justice in 1881, on the removal of Mr. Justice Lindley to the Court of Appeal.
NORTHBROOK (Earl of). The Right Hon. Thomas George Bar- ing, eldest son of the first baron, who was long known as Sir Francis Baring, was born in 1826, and re- ceived his education at Christ Church, Oxford, where he g^raduated (second class in Classics) in 1846. He was successively private secre- tary to Mr. Labouchere at the Board of Trade, to Sir George Grey at the Home Office, to Sir Charles Wood at the India Board, and at the Admiralty till 1857, when he was returned to the House of Commons for Penryn and Falmouth, which constituency he continued to repre- sent in the Liberal interest till he became a peer on the death of his father in 1806. He was a Lord of the Admiralty from May, 1857, to Feb. 1858 ; Under-Secretary of State for India from Jime, 1859, to Jan. 1861 ; and Under-Secretary for War from the latter date till June, 1866. On the accession of Mr. Gladstone to power in Dec., 1868. Lord Northbrook was again ap- pointed Under-Secretary for War ; and after the assassination of the Earl of Mayo he was appointed to succeed that nobleman as Viceroy