panded into the "Historical and Picturesque Guide to the Black- water in Munster," London^ 1844. He contributed to the series of " Irish Eivers," in the DvJblin Uni- versity Magatine; from 1845 till 1852, conducted the Irish National Maganne, and was the principal contributor to the DvJblin Saturday Ma^atine. In 1853 he was elected a member of the Boyal Irish Aca- demy, and his essay on " The Life and Writings of the Irish Historian John D' Alton " is published in the Proceedings of that body. In con- junction with Mr. D' Alton, he pub- lished " The History of Dundalk," Dublin, 1861. In 1866 appeared his " Bar Life of O'Connell," and " Bryan O'Regan," a sporting novel, which was followed by his chief work, "The Lives of the Lord Chancellors of Ireland," 2 vols., London, 1870. In 1873 another sporting work was published, en- titled " Captain O'Shaugnessy's Sporting Career," 2 vols., and " The Irish Bar," 1879. His latest pub- lished work, "The Munster Cir- cuit," appeared in 1880. He is now engaged on " A History of the Irish People."
O'HAGAN (Baron), The Right Hon. Thomas O'Haoan, K.P., born at Dublin, in 1810, was educated at the Institution, Belfast, and was called to the Irish bar in 1836. He held for several years the post of assistant barrister for the county of Longford, was appointed Solici- tor-General for Ireland imder Lord Palmerston's second administration in 1860, and to the (Irish) Attorney- Generalship in 1861, and was sworn a member of the Privy Council in Jan. 1865, when he was appointed a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland. He was member for Tralee from May, 1863, till his elevation to the Bench, and sup- ported the Liberal party. On Mr. Gladstone taking the reins of power, in Dec. 1868, Mr. Justice O'Hagan was made Lord High Chancellor of Ireland, being the first Koman
Catholic elevated to that di^^ty in modem times; and in June, 1870, he was raised to the peerag'e by the title of Baron O'Hagan. He re- mained in office until the resigna- tion of Mr. Gladstone's cabinet in Feb. 1874. In Oct. 1878, he was nominated one of the Commissioners who were intrusted with the doty of giving effect to the Act relating to Intermediate Education in Ire- land. On the return of the Liberals to power, in May, 1880, he was again appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and he held that office till Nov. 1881, being on his retirement created a Knight of the Order of St. Patrick. He has been twice married — first in 1836, to Mary, daughter of the late Mr. Charles Hamilton Teeling, of Belfast ; and secondly, in 1871, to Alice Mazy, youngest daughter of the late Col- onel Charles Towneley,of Towneley, Lancashire.
OLDENBUEG (Grand Ditsx of), Nicholas Fbederick Pstxr, son of the Grand-Duke Paul Fred- erick Augustus and the Princess Ida, of Anhalt-Bemberg, born July 8, 1827, succeeded his father Feb. 27, 1863. The population of the duchy over which he reigns is about 300,000. He promulgated a liberal constitution in Feb., 1849, modified it in 1852, and during the war be- tween Eussia, Turkey, and the Allied Powers he adhered to the policy of Prussia. After the con- quest of Schleswig-Holstein by Prussia and Austria, the Grand Duke claimed a portion of these duchies, which claim he endea- voured to support by some "Me- moirs" addressed to the diploma- tists of Europe. He married, Feb. 10, 1852, Elizabeth, daughter of Prince Joseph of Saxe-Altenburg, by whom he has two sons.
OLIPHANT, LAURENCie, son of the late Sir Anthony Oliphant, C.B., for many years Chief Justice of Ceylon, born in 1829, was intended for the law, but visited India whilst very young, and accompanied Jimg