University in 1840 ; became Rector of his College in 1861 ; and is a Trustee of the Crewe Charities. Mr. Mark Pattison is the author of " Tendencies of Religious Thought in England, 1688-1750/* in "Essays and Reviews," 1860 ; " Report on Elementary Education in Protes- tant Germany/' 1860, 2nd edit., 1871 ; " Suggestions on Academical Organisation," with e8i>ecial refer- ence to Oxford," 1868; "Pope's Essay on Man/' with notes, 1869, 6th edit., 1879 j and " Pope's Satires and Epistles," with notes, 1872, 2nd edit., 1874; "Isaac Casaubon, 1559-1614," a biography, 1875 ; and " Review of the Situation " in " Es- says on the Endowment of Re- search," 1876; "Life of Milton," 1880; "Milton Sonnets, with Notes," 1882. He married, in 1862, Emilia Francis, younger daughter of the late Colonel Strong, of the Madras Army. Mrs. Pattison, who was for some time the fine art critic of the Academy, published in 1879 an im- portant work, in two volumes, illus- trated by herself, entitled "The Renaissance of Art in France." She has recently been engaged in composing, in French, a monograph on Claude, for the Biblioth^que Internationale de I'Art.
PAUNCEFOTE, Sm Julian, C.B., K.C.M.G., third son of the late Robert Pauncefote, Esq., of Preston Court, Gloucestershire, was bom at Munich, Sept. 13, 1828, and educated at Paris, Geneva, and at Marlborough College. He was called to the bar at the Mid(Ue Temple in 1852, joined the Oxford circuit, and also practised as a con- veyancer. He was Attorney-Gene- ral of Hong Kong from May 1865 to 1869, was Acting Chief Justice of the Supreme Court there for a short time in 1869, and was re-appointed in 1872. Sir Julian Pauncefote prepared "The Hong Kong Code of Civil Procedure " and other im- portant ordinances relating to law reform and the constitution of the Courts of that colony. He received
the thanks of the Legislative Coun- cil of Hong Kong, and, in 1874, was knighted by patent for his public services in the colony. He was Chief Justice of the Leeward Is- lands in 1873-74, and Assistant Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies from July, 1874, down to the end of 1876, when he was ap- pointed Assistant (Legal) Under- Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. He was created a C.B. and a K.C.M.G. in 1880, and in 1882 was appointed Permanent Under- Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, in succession to the late Lord Tenterden.
PAYN, Jambs, was born at Chel- tenham in 1830. He was educated I at Eion, Woolwich Academy, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1854. At that date he had already published a volume of verse, called " Stories from Boc- caccio/' and the next year he pub- lished another book of " Poems." In 1854 we find him writing for the Westminster Review and constantly contributing to Household Words, until, in 1858, he succeeded Mr. Leitch Ritchie as editor of Chambers's Journal, for which magazine he wrote exclusively for many years. In Chambers's came out his first novel, " A Family Scapegrace," and, a few years afterwards, " Lost I Sir Massingberd," a story which is I said to have raised the circulation I of the journal by nearly 20,000. ' Mr. Payn's novels became after- wards very numerous, and his popularity a growing one, till he wrote "By Proxy," in which he may be said to have taken a new departure. This novel of incident in China achieved another extra- ordinary success. With "High Spirits, a collection of stories of a different kind, he was hardly less fortunate. In addition to his fe- cundity in fiction, Mr. James Payn frequently contributes essays of a humorous type to the Nineteenth Century and the Tim^s. A collec- tion of such essays, from these two