Leyden University" (Index Soc.), 1883 ; and many papers in The ArchoBologia, and other antiquarian journals.
PEARS, Edwin, was born in 1835, at York, He graduated in the University of London, being first in honours, Roman Law, and Jurispru- dence, and was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1870. He was general secretary of the Social Science Association from .1868 to 1873, and secretary to the Interna- tional Prison Congress of 1872. In the Transactions of the former so- ciety he published " Prisons and Re- formatories at Home and Abroad." Mr. Pears is now the most promi- nent practitioner at the English bar' in Constantinople, whence, as correspondent of the Daily News, he sent the letters which first called the attention of Europe to the Moslem atrocities committed in Bulgaria in May, 1876. The two first of these letters, having at- tracted attention in Parliament, and their statements being disputed by Mr. Disraeli, were published in the first important blue-book on the Eastern Question issued since the commencement of the late troubles. Mr. Pears is the first newspaper correspondent who took up the ground that the interest of England in the Ottoman empire will be best forwarded by helping the Christian races as representing the progres- sive element of the empire, rather than the Turks, whom he regards as doomed, from natural causes, to disappear as a ruling race, and as being able to contribute nothing of value towards European civiliza- tion. Mr. Pears always worked loyally with the late Mr. MacGahan, who was the first correspondent to confirm the pictures of atrocities originally sent home by Mr. Pears, and in spite of the tone of his let- ters is much respected by all races in Constantinople, the governing Turks included, as he has, unlike some other correspondents, dealt with facts, and he acknowledges the
simple honesty of the Turkish people when untainted by office.
PEARSON, The Hon. Sir John, son of the Rev. John Norman Pear- son, M.A., was born at Elvetham, Hampshire, Aug, 5, 1819. He was educated at Caius College, Cam- bridge (M.A., 18 W), was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1841, appointed a Q.C. and a Bencher of his inn in 1866, became one of the leaders in Mr. Justice Fry's court, and was appointed a Judge of the High Court of Justice (Chancery Division) in Oct., 1882, on the resignation of Vice - Chancellor Hall.
PEARSON, The Right Rev. Jo- siAH Brown, D.D., Bishop of New- castle, Australia, was born at Chesterfield, in 18^1, and educated at the grammar school of his native town, and at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he ' graduated B.A. in 1864, obtaining a first-class in the Moral Science Tripos, and was subsequently elected to a Fel- lowship. He proceeded M.A. in 1867, and took his further degrees in laws, as Master and Doctor re- spectively in 1871 and 1876. He was successively tutor of his col- lege J curate of St. Michael's, Cam- bridge, 1865-67; curate of St. Andrew the Q-reat, Cambridge, 1867- 69 ; and vicar of Homingsea, Cam- bridgeshire, 1871-74. He was one of the preachers at the Chapel" Royal, Whitehall, from 1872 to 187 i, and Hulsean Lecturer at Cambridge in 1872. In the latter year he was also Ramsden Preacher. From 1874 to 1880 he held the Crown vicarage of Newark-upon- Trent, Nottinghamshire. In 1879 he was elected by the Synod to the bishopric of Newcastle, New South Wales, in succession to Dr. William Tyrrell, and he waa consecrated to that see in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, May 1, 1880. Dr. Pearson is the author of "Creed or no Creed J " "Disciples in Doubt," 1879, being sermons preached before the University of Cambridge j and