the Natural Sciences Tripos in the University of Cambridge. He has written an "Introduction to Scientific Chemistry"; an elementary book on Chemistry; and a series of articles on the "New Theories of Chemistry," in the Student and Intelleetual Observer. He has invented a process for the preservation of iron from rust by the use of superheated steam; also a compound of glycerine and boracic acid, which he calls "Boroglycerine," for the preservation of food and other organic substances, and as a general antiseptic. An article by him on his "New Antiseptic Compound for the Preservation of Food" appeared in the Month for May, 1882.
BARGHASH BIN SAED (His Highness), Sultan or Seyyid of Zanzibar, was born about 1835, and succeeded his brother Seyyid Majid in 1870. He represents the Arab dynasty which has for more than a century held sway over the African negroes inhabiting the territory made familiar to us by name in consequence of its connection with the enterprises of Dr. Livingstone and other travellers. Sir Bartle Frere's mission on behalf of the British Government to the ruler of Zanzibar in 1873, for the purpose of inducing him to suppress the Slave Trade, resulted in an acquiescent treaty on the Sultan's part, the provisions of which were not carried into effect, and was the proximate occasion of his Highness's friendly visit to England. He landed, June 9, 1875, at Westminster Bridge, where he was received by Mr. Bourke, Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, who welcomed him in the name of Her Majesty's Government. He left our shores on July 15, and visited Paris before returning to his own dominions. During his stay in England he concluded a second treaty with Her Majesty's Government, and since that time His Highness has entered heart and soul into the movement for the suppression of the Slave Trade, in spite of the dangers and political antagonism arising from the opposition of his own people.
BARING, Major Evelyn, was formerly a European Commissioner of the Public Debt in Egypt, and he was appointed one of the Controllers-General, representing England and France, when the Khedive Ismail was deposed by the Sultan's firman in 1879, and Tewfik Pasha became ruler of Egypt. In cooperation with his French colleague, M. de Blignières, Major Baring successfully carried on the Control until he accepted, towards the close of 1880, the office of Finance Minister of India, under the Marquis of Ripon, left vacant by Sir John Strachey's resignation. In this capacity he framed and carried three successful budgets. In May, 1883, he was appointed to succeed Sir Edward Malet, at Cairo, with the status of Minister to Egypt.
BARING-GOULD, The Rev. Sabine, M.A., of Lew-Trenchard, born at Exeter, in 1834, eldest son of Edward Baring-Gould, Esq., of Lew-Trenchard, Devon, where the family has been seated for nearly 300 years, was educated at Clare College, Cambridge, where he took the degree of M.A. in 1856. He was appointed Incumbent of Dalton, Thirsk, by the Viscountess Down in 1869, and Rector of East Mersea, Colchester, by the Crown in 1871. On the death of his father in 1872 he succeeded to the family property, and in 1881 to the rectory of Lew-Trenchard. Mr. Baring-Gould is the author of "Paths of the Just," 1854; "Iceland: its Scenes and Sagas," 1861; "Post-mediæval Preachers," 1865; "Curious Myths of the Middle Ages," 1st series 1866, 2nd series 1867; "Curiosities of Olden Times," 1869; "The Silver Store," 1868; "The Book of Werewolves," 1865; "In Exitu Israel, an Historical Novel," 1870; "The Origin and Development of Religious Belief,"