tiona d'Epigraphie H^braTque," 1867 J " Sur lea Inscriptions He- bralques des Synago^es de Kefr- Bereim, en Galilee/' 1867; Rap- port sur les Progr^s de la Littera- turo Orijsntale et sur les Ouvrages relatifs 2k I'Orient," 1867 ; " Saint- Paul," 1869; "La Mission en Ph6- nicie/' 1874, containing an account of the scientific researches in Syria during the sojourn of the French army in 1860-61; "Dialogues et Fragments Philosophiques, 1876 ; ", Spinoza," a lecture, 1877 ; " Les Kvangiles," 1877. In 1878 he pub- lished in the Temps, under the title " Caliban," a satirical continuation of Shakspere's "Tempest/* in which all Shakspere's characters are in- troduced, but under greatly altered circumstances. The hero becomes a demagogue, supplants the Duke of Milan, and acts the tyrant, until he is himself overthrown. M. Renan married a daughter of Henri Scbef- fer, the painter, and was decorated with the Legion of Honour in Dec. 1860. His "Histoire des Origines du Ohristianisme," commenced in 1863, was completed in 7 vols, in
1882. This history of primitive Christianity comprises the " Vie de J^sus" and other works, ending with the "Marc Aurfele." His "Souvenirs d'Enfance et de Jeu- nesse," 1883, discloses why he sepa- rated himself from the Catholic C'hurch while remaining " a moral disciple of Jesus." It is stated that he is writing a new book, "The History of Israel before the Birth of Christ." In 1880 M. Renan de- livered, in London, in his native language, the Hibbert Lectures on " The Influence of the Institutions, Thought, and Culture of Rome on Christianity, and the Development of the Catholic Church." On the occasion of this visit to London he also delivered (April 16), at the Royal Institution, a lecture on the Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius. He was elected Director of the French Aca- demy in April, 1881 j and in June,
1883, he was appointed mapager
or vice-rector of the College de France.
RENOUF, Petbb Lb Paox, ori- ental scholar, was born in the isle of Guernsey in 1824, received his early education in Elizabeth Col- lege there, and afterwards became a scholar of Pembroke College, Ox- ford. At Easter, 1842, he became a member of the Roman Catholic Church. On the opening of the Catholic University of Ireland, in 1855, he was appointed by lyr. New- man^ Professor in that institutioa, where he filled the chairs of Ancient History and Eastern L^OTages. In 1864 he became one of Her Ma- jesty's Inspectors of Schools, and he has since continued to hold that appointment. ThroTigh his marriage in 1857 with Ludo^^a^ the eldest daughter of Christian Brentano, Mr. Renouf was closely allied to many persons whose names are il- lustnous in the literature of Ger- many. Whilst at the Catholic Uni- versity he was one of the editors of the Atlantis and of the Horn* and Foreign Bevieto ; and he haa since contributed to various other periodicals, particularly to the Chronicle, the North British Re- view, and the Academy in .this country ; and to the Zeitschrift pr ^gyptische Sprache und AUerthunt- skunde, conducted by Dr. Lepsius at Berlin. Some papers by 3ir, Renouf are published in the " Trans- actions of the Society of Biblical Archroology." A list of his writ- ings, as far as they are separately published, is subjoined : — " The Doctrine of the Catholic Church in England on the Holy Eucharist,'* 1841; "The Greek and AngUoan Communions," 1847 ; " Traduction d'un Chapitre du Rituel funendiv des Anciens Egyptiens. Lettre adress^, k M. le Professeur Merl^ Biblioth^caire Royal iL Aachaffen- bourg," 1860 ; " Note on some Ne- gative Particles of the Egyptian Language," 1862 ; "A Prayer frwn the Egyptian Ritual, translated from the Hieroglyphic Text," 186?;