Secretary for War, and in Feb., 1861, upon the accession of Sir George C. Lewis, he was made Under-Secretary for India. Upon the death of Sir G. C. Lewis, in April, 1863, his lordship, who had shown great efficiency in his subor- dinate office, took the place of his chief as Secretary for War, together with a seat in the Cabinet. He remained at the War Office nearly three years, and in Feb., 1866, when Sir Charles Wood, now Vis- count Halifax, withdrew from the Ministry, was appointed Secretary of State for India. On Mr. Glad- stone's accession to office in Dec.,
1868, he was appointed Lord Presi- dent of the Council, but he resigned that office in Aug., 1873. He was created a Knight of the Garter in
1869. In 1871 he acted as Chair- man of the High Joint Commission which arranged the Treaty of Washington ; and in recognition of the services he rendered in that capacity he was, soon after his return from the United States, created Marquis of Kipon. His lordship, who is a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for the North and West Ridings of Yorkshire, and for the county of Lincoln, was created an honorary D.C.L. of Ox- ford in 1870, and on April 23 in that year was installed as Grand Master of the Freemasons of Eng- land, in succession to Lord Zetland. In the autumn of 1874 the Grand Lodge received a communication to the effect that the Marquis of Kipon had resigned the post of Grand Master, and their surprise was heightened to dismay by the circumstance that he did so without assigning any reason for the step. A few days fldPterwards, however, it transpired that his lordship had joined the Roman Catholic Church, which, as is well known, has con- demned Freemasonry and all other oath-bound societies. The recep- tion of the Marquis into the Catho- lic Church took place at the Oratory, Brompton, Sept. 4, 1874, and his
conversion gave rise to much com- ment in the public journals, both here and on the continent. On the return of Mr. Gladstone to power, the Marquis of Ripon was appointed Viceroy of India. He arrived at Bombay, May 30. 1880. and wjis installed at Simla, June 8. On June 18 a large meeting was held in Exeter Hall to protest against the appointment of a CathcSic to the Viceroyalty of India. The Marquis was elected in 1882 Presi- dent of the Yorkshire College, Leeds. He married, in April, 1S51, Henrietta Anne Theodosia, eldest daughter of the late Mr. Henry V3mer, who has been a Lady of the Bedchamber to the Princess of ' Wales, and by whom he has sur- viving issue, iVederick Oliver, born Jan. 29, 1852, now Earl De Grey, heir to the marquisate.
RISTICH, John, a Servian states- man, born at Eragujevatz in 1831, began his studies in Germany and continued them at Paris. Under the government of Prince Eara- georgevitch he was appointed Sec- retary and afterwards head of a department in the office of the Minister of the Interior. MHoech Obrenovitch III. on his return in 1858, appointed M.Ristich secretary to a deputation which he sent to Constantinople ; and at a later I)eriod the same Prince accredited him as the representative of Servia at the Sublime Porte. Scarcely had he been installed in this post, however, when the crisis commenced which culminated in the bombard- ment of Belgrade (1862). M. Ristich extricated himself with such ability from the difficulties which ensued, that five years latex* (1867) he succeeded in obtuning the evacuation of all the Servian fortresses occupied up to that time by the Turkidi troops. This ser- vice gained for him the portfolio of Foreign Affairs, but he soon re- signed it in consequence of his inability to agree with the Prinee Michael on certain questions of