in singing and in comic opera. Being at once engaged at the Opera Comique, she made her first appear- ance in Harold's " Marie/' and with such success that she was speedily entrusted with other importfuit cha- racters^ such as Anna in " LaDame Blanche," Zerlina in " Fra Diavolo/' and Benjamin in "Joseph." The first part which Madame Roze " created " was that of " Th^r^se " in "Le Fils du Brigadier/' by Victor Mass^. By her performance of the part of Djelma in Auber's opera, '* Le Premier Jour du Bon- heur/* she attained the position of an operatic star. Shortly after- wards she played Marguerite in "Faust" at the Paris Opera, and she achieved another success at the Op6ra Comique in the character of Jeanne in "L'Ombre." On the breaking out of the war in 1870 she went to Italy, where she worked hard at her profession. While waiting for an opportunity of pre- senting herself before an English audience, she went to Brussels and played in Verdi's "Ballo in Mas- chera," amid rapturous applause. She made her debut with Mr. Mapleson's company at Her Ma- jesty's Theatre, Drury Lane, in 1872, as Marguerite in "Faust," and since then has appeared in all the great rdles of dramatic opera. Madame Boze is the wife of Mr. J. H . Mapleson, lessee of Her Majesty's Theatre.
RUBINSTEIN, Anthony, a Rus- sian pianist and composer, born at Wechwotynetz, on the frontier of Roumania, Nov. 30, 1829, was taken to Moscow while quite a child, and studied the piano imder Alexis Vil- loing, after having received pre- liminary instruction from his mother. He made his first appear- ance in public when only eight years old, and at the age of ten went with his teacher to Paris, ' where he resided two years, per- forming at several concerts with a success which won for him the en- couragement and the advice of
Liszt. Next he visited England, Sweden, and Germany. At Berlin, where hds relatives had determined to settle for some time, he studied composition under Dehn. On the completion of his course of instruc- tion he devoted himself for some time to teaching, first at Berlin and afterwards at Vienna. He then returned to his native country, where he was appointed pianist to the Grand-Duchess Helena, and subsequently director of the con- certs of the Russian Musical Society. In the spring of 1868 he again visited Paris, and he next came to London, achieving, in both capitals, a brilliant success as a pianist and dramatic composer. Among his operas are "Dimitri Donskoi," " Les Chasseurs Sib^riens/' " La Vengeance/' "Tom le Fou," "Les Enfants des Bruy^res," and "Lalla Roukh," most of them represented in St. Petersburg, Berlin, and Vienna, and some of them in London j " Nero," represented at Covent Garden Theatre in 1877. His oratorio, " Paradise Lost," has been often performed with great success : notably in the Salle de la Noblesse at St. Petersburg, on Dec. 17, 1876. His sacred drama, "The Maccabees," was produced at the Imperial Opera House, Vienna, in 1878 J and he is now engaged in the composition of anew opera, entitled " Ivan Kalashorikoff." M. Rubin- stein has composed a large number of "Studies" for the pianoforte, sonatas, romances, trios, overtures, and symphonies.
RUPERT'S LAND, Bishop op. (See Machbay, Dr.)
RUSKIN, John, M.A., art critic, son of a London merchant, born in London in Feb., 1819, having been educated at Christ Church, Oxford, gained the Newdigate prize for poetry in 1839, and devoted himself to the cultivation of the pictorial art, which he practised with suc- cess tmder Copley Fielding and J. D. Harding. A pamphlet in de- fence of Invner and the modern