Page:Men of the Time, eleventh edition.djvu/974

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SAGASTA— ST. JOHN.

957

{Auf des Hohe), an international review, published at Leipzig, the first number of which appeared in Oct., 1881. To' this review he con- tributed a novel, "The Jews' Ra- phael " (Der Judenraphael), a con- tinuation of his series of novels, " Cain's Inheritance," mentioned above, being from the fourth part of that work, " Death." Another novel of the same series. Part III., " The State," under the name of *'Cybul- ski and Gadulski," was published in later numbers. He also pub- lished in the Review the memoirs left by his father, which he edited, and which treat of and describe persons and matters during the period from 1809 to 1874.

SAGASTA, Pbaxbdbs Mateo, a Spanish statesman, was born at Torrecilla de Cameros, July 21, 1827. He studied in the School of Engineers at Madrid, practised his profession at Yalladolid and Za- mora, and was elected by the latter town to the Constituent Cortes of 1854. He took part in the insur- rection of 1856, and was obliged to seek refuge in France. On the amnesty being proclaimed, he re- turned to Spain, and became a pro- fessor in the School of Engineers at Madrid. He was also the editor of La Iberia, the principal organ of the Progressist party. After the unsuccessful insurrection of June, 1866, he was again placed imder the necessity of seeking an asylum in France, and he did not return to Spain until after the fall of Queen Isabella II. Appointed Minister of the Interior in the first Cabinet formed by General Prim, he gradu- ally adopted more and more the views of that statesman and of the Conservative party, and completely broke off his relations with his old friend Zorilla. He was consequently exposed to bitter attacks from the Republican minority in the Cortes. Appointed Minister of State in Jan., 1870, he ordered several towns, including Barcelona, to be i placed in a state of siege, declared |

himself in favour of the monarchy, and proposed, on Dec. 17, 1870, the dissolution of the Chamber, after the king had taken the oath. He continued to be Minister of State and Minister of the Interior in the first Cabinet of King Amadeus, and during that monarch's brief reign he took part in several minis- terial combinations, either as a member, or as President of the Council. Under the presidency of Marshal Serrano, in 1874, he was Minister for Foreign Affairs (Jan. 4), Minister of the Interior (May 18), and President of the Council (Aug. 4). . After the coup d'etat re-establishing the monarchy, he withdrew for a time from public life. In June, 1875, he gave in his adherence to the cause of Alfonso XII., and endeavoured to form a Liberal Constitutional party. Sub- sequently he joined the Opposition, and attacked the administrations formed by Martinez Campos and Canovas (1877-79). When a new Liberal party was formed in 1880 Sefior Sagaste gave in his adhesion to it. The Conservative Cabinet of Se&or C4novas del Castillo was overthrown early in the year 1881, and a coalition between Sefior Sagasta and General Martinez Campos came into power. Sagasta's Ministry remained in office till Oct., 1883, when it was superseded by a Cabinet formed from the Dynastic Left.

ST. ANDREWS, DUNKELD, AND DUNBLANE, Bishop of. {8ee Wordsworth, Dr.)

ST. ASAPH, Bishop op. (See Hughes, Dr.)

ST. DAVID'S, Bishop op. (See Jones, Dr.)

ST. HELENA, Bishop op. (See Welby, Dr.)

ST. JOHN, Horace, son of the late Mr. James Augustus St. John, bom in Normandy, July 6, 1832, was educated imder his father's eye, like most of the members of lus family. Following, as a student of Oriental literature, the steps of