Aug., 1878, he was nominated a member of the Royal Commission appointed to inquire into the provisions of the draft Code relating to Indictable Offences. In June, 1883, he accepted the office of Lord Justice of Appeal, vacant by the death of Lord Justice Deasy.
BARTHELEMY-SAINT-HILAIRE, Jules, member of the Institute, born in Paris, Aug. 19, 1805; was at first attached to the Ministry of Finance; but this did not prevent him from writing in the Globe, and he signed the protestation of the journalists, July 28, 1830. After the revolution he founded the Bon Sens, and, as a Liberal, took an active part in politics; but towards the close of 1833 he showed signs of a desire to renounce political life, and to apply himself to literature. In 1834 he was made tutor of French literature in the Polytechnic School, and undertook about the same time a complete translation of the works of Aristotle, which served as a pendant to the translation of Plato, published by Cousin. For this service he was in 1838 appointed to the chair of Greek and Latin Philosophy in the College of France, and was admitted into the Academy of the Moral and Political Sciences. The revolution of February again drew him into the political arena, and he entered the Constituent Assembly, and became one of the chiefs of the republican tiers-parti. He favoured the candidature of Louis Napoleon, and supported the administration of M. Odilon Barrot. After the coup d'état of Dec. 2, 1852, and the downfall of the parliamentary system, he refused to take the oath, and resigned his chair in the College of France, but was reappointed in 1862. At the general election of 1869 he waa returned to the Corps Législatif as deputy for the first circonscription of Seine-et-Oise. He voted with the extreme Left, and was one of those who signed the manifesto after the disturbances caused by the funeral of the Deputy Baudin. During the siege of Paris he remained in the capital, which he quitted after the armistice, in order to take his seat in the National Assembly, he having been elected a deputy for the department of Seine-et-Oise. He was a zealous supporter of his old friend M. Thiers. He was elected a Life Senator by the National Assembly, Dec. 10, 1875, and took his seat among the Republican minority. At the termination of the ministerial crisis, occasioned by the execution of the decrees against the unauthorized religious communities, he accepted the portfolio of Foreign Affairs, in succession to M. de Freycinet, in the Cabinet which was reconstituted under the presidency of M. Jules Ferry (Sept. 23, 1880). His principal works are:—"Politique d'Aristote" (Paris, 1837; 2nd ed. 1848); "De la Logique d'Aristote," a memoir which received the prize of the Institute, 1838; "La Logique d'Aristote," translated into French for the first time, 1839–44; "Psychologie d'Aristote: Traité de l'Âme," 1846; and "Opuscules," translated for the first time, 1847; "De l'École d'Alexandrie," report to the Institute, preceded by an "Essai sur la Méthode des Alexandrins et le Mysticisme," 1845; "Des Vedas," 1854; "Du Bouddhisme," 1855; and "Le Boudha et sa Religion," 1866.
BARTLETT, John Russell, born in Providence, Rhode Island, Oct. 23, 1805. At an early age he was placed in a banking-house, and for six years was cashier of the Globe Bank in Providence. While there he was one of the originators of the Athenæum and an active member of the Franklin Society for the Cultivation of the Sciences, before which he occasionally lectured. In 1837 he became a bookseller in New York, in partnership with Mr. Welford, devoting his leisure hours to the study of history and ethnology. He was one of the