Sal-ammoniac, ½an ounce; vinegar, 5 ozs.; rectified spirit, 5 ozs.; water, a pint. Mix together. This is a useful application in sprains and bruises, and also for the head in cases of inflammation of the brain. Rags steeped in the lotion should be kept constantly applied,
Tincture of arnica, in the proportion of a teaspoonful to 2 ozs. of water, is a useful application in sprains and contusions.
Mix 1 oz. of soap liniment, ½ an oz. of laudanum, and 8 ozs. of water together. This forms a useful soothing application to an inflamed and painful part, but care must be taken to see that the skin is not broken.
Another.—Take 2 drachms of sugar of lead, 1 oz. of laudanum, and 8 ozs. of water; mix them together and apply to the painful part.
1 oz. of compound camphor liniment, mixed with 1 oz. of soap liniment, may be rubbed upon the chest with the hand in cases of chest cold, or applied on a flannel round the throat in quinsy,
COLD CREAM UNGUENT
(Used as a Mild Unguent to Soften the Skin, Prevent Chaps, etc.')
Ingredients.—2 ozs. of spermaceti, of an oz. of virgin wax, of a pint of oil of sweet almonds, a pint of rose-water.
Mode.—Dissolve the spermaceti, wax and oil of sweet almonds by steam, then beat them till quite cold in half a pint of rose-water.
TO MAKE COLD CREAM
A very simple way of making this is to put 1 lb. of lard in a basin and fill up with boiling water. When cold, and the lard has risen to the top, take it off and repeat the process. When again cold, whisk it up with a paper knife until it becomes a perfectly smooth cream, then add enough essence of lemon to give it perfume,
TO MAKE COURT PLASTER
Make a strong jelly with isinglass by putting it into warm water to soak for three days, evaporating the water, dissolving the results in spirits of wine, and then straining. Stretch a piece of thin black silk upon a frame (a work-frame answers well for this) making it perfectly tight, then melt the jelly and coat the silk with it thinly. Repeat the coating when it has cooled, then give the plaster two coats of balsam of Peru in the same way.