Page:Mycenaean Troy.djvu/43

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.



cluding the lustrous "false-necked" Mycenaean jars. Each of these jars—unique specimens of ceramic art—has a closed neck with a spout close beside it, through which the liquid is poured, while the handles, joining the neck, resemble a pair of stirrups; hence the German name, "stirrup-jar" (Bügelkanne). Since the general type of pottery of this stratum is the developed

Fig. 8 - False-Necked Mycenaean Jar

Fig. 8.False-Necked Mycenaean Jar

monochrome and probably a native product, the Mycenaean ware must be explained as importations.[1]

The following points of comparison between the VI City and Homeric Troy were given by Dörpfeld in the report[2] of his work for 1893:

1. The Pergamos of Troy, according to Homer, was no level citadel, since near the dwellings lay ἐν ἀκροτάτῃ πόλει (Χ, 172) an altar of Zeus. So, according to the conception of the poet, there was a highest point in the citadel, where was the altar of Zeus and perhaps the two temples of Athena and Apollo. For the citadel of the second stratum such

  1. Brückner, Die keramischen Funde, Troja, pp. 80–120.
  2. Dörpfeld, Troja, Bericht über die im Jahre 1893 in Troja veranstalteten Ausgrabungen, pp. 56–60.