10 s. xii. SEPT. 4, 1909.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
Kingdom ; and you are neither One of the Three Estates, nor do constitute a Fourth, but you are the Sovereign Head of that great Body."
Fielding's intermediate use of the phrase " That very large and powerful body which form the fourth estate in this community
The Mob" in The Covent Garden
Journal for 13 June, 1752, seems to be the only one of that phase of meaning, except a similar application of it in an article in The Oracle in 1805, quoted in 'The Spirit of the Public Journals,' vol. ix. (1805), pp. 232-4. ALFRED F. BOBBINS.
JEWS IN ENGLAND. The Daily Tele- graph contains every Saturday a chronicle entitled 'The Jewish World.' That for August 21st, headed 'Record Honours,' began thus :
" The present year will always be memorable in the annals of 'Anglo -Jewry by reason of the number of public distinctions of an unprecedented character that have been conferred upon its members. Within the past two months Mr. Herbert Samuel has become the first English- man professing the Jewish faith to attain to Cabinet rank ; Dr. Adler has become the first English Chief Rabbi to be decorated by the King ; and Sir Matthew Nathan, who had already created a record as the first Jew to obtain a Colonial Governorship, has shed further lustre upon the community by his appointment as Secretary to the Post Office."
Two works have recently appeared relating to the association of the Jews with England. One, by the Rev. Edward 1ST. Calisch, the Rabbi of Richmond, Virginia, treats of ' The Jew in English Literature.' In this he traces the history of the Jew in our literature as well as the Jew as an author. The second work is by Mr. Hyamson, entitled ' A History of the Jews in England,' and published by Messrs. Chatto & Windus. The Jewish press considers that this will rank as a standard book on Anglo-Jewish history. In it Mr. Hyamson recounts the vicissitudes common these two thousand years to the lot of Jewry, and states in his preface that " the times of prosperity in England have been among the happiest in the annals of the race."
JOHN C. FRANCIS.
ANTONIO URCEO QUOTED BY BURTON AND FITZGERALD. Over thirty years ago a book of nearly 600 pages was published dealing with the Italian humanist Antonius Urceus, ' Delia Vita et delle Opere di Antonio Urceo detto Codro,' by Carlo Malagola (Bologna, 1878). Among Urceo' s performances one is of especial interest to the general reader namely, his attempt to supply a conclusion to Plautus's maimed ' Aulularia.' This " supplement," which first appeared, we
are informed, at Deventer in 1482, reprinted about fifty times (Malagola, p. 384). It was included in many editions of Plautus, and became a source for quota- ion. A passage several lines in length was cited from it by Cornelius Agrippa in the sixty-seventh chapter of his ' De Vanitate Scientiarum,' where texts merely give the- marginal reference " Plaut. Aulularia." Part of the same quotation is employed by Burton in the introduction to his ' Anatomy of Melancholy' (vol. i. p. 125 in A. R. Shilleto's edition) : " Oftentimes, too, to aggravate the rest, concur many other- inconveniences .... negligent servants, servi furaces, versipelles, callidi, occlusa, sibi millc clavibus reserant, furtimque raptant, con- sumunt, liguriunt." A side-note refers the reader to Plautus's ' Aulularia.' Shilleto in his edition appends the remark : " These lines are not in Plautus at all. Burton is- especially loose in quoting Plautus." To which may be added that Shilleto was not always precise in his method of verification.
The three iambic senarii (the transposition sibi mille clavibus for mille clavibus sibi argues a faulty ear) are 39-41 in Urceus's ' Supplementum.'
FitzGerald has taken a line from another part of the same continuation. See ' More Letters of Edward FitzGerald,' edited by Dr. W. Aldis Wright (1901), p. 120, where " I pegaseo gradu et vorans viam redi " is- compared with " Seeming to devour the way " (see ' 2 K. Henry IV.,' I. i. 47). Fitz- Gerald remarks in a P.S. : " The Plautus. line I remember reading myself some forty years ago." A note of Dr. Wright supplies the source of the Latin. The exact reference is 1. 70 (in the first scene added). EDWARD BENSLY.
Europaischer Hof, Wildungen.
GALILEO AND HIS ALLEGED EXCLAMA- TIO N. i n the account of Galileo in ' The Encyclopaedia Britannica ' it is stated that the earliest known authority for the famous exclamation attributed to him respecting the motion of the earth is an ' Historical Dictionary ' published at Caen in 1789. At 7 S. xi. 424 I pointed out that that was not the earliest, and referred in proof to the Abbe Irailh's ' Querelles-Litteraires,' pub- lished at Paris in 1761. However, Prof. Adolf Miiller has recently published at Rome a work entitled ' Der Galilei-Prozess, 1632-1633,' in which he traces it to the 'Italian Library' of G. Baretti, which appeared at London in 1757. Baretti was the author of a well-known Italian dictionary^