NOTES AND QUERIES. [ii s. ix. APRIL 4, 191*.
at the ordinary : one to print her discourses and hymns, which are desperate against your person, family, children, friends, and the govern- ment ; the other to send her all over England to proclaim them viv& voce. She is much visited and does a world of mischief in London, and would do in the country." IMd., p. 393.
On 7 April, 1654, Trapnell was to be arrested by the governor of Pendennis, Cornwall, and was to be sent to Portsmouth on her way to London for trial. (The letters to which I have referred date from this period.) On 2 June she was sent to Bridewell (which meant the lash), and on 26 July, 1654, she was released ('Cal. S. P., Dom., 1654,' passim}. J. B. WILLIAMS.
" C'EST PBOGBfeS EN SPIBALE " (11 S. IX.
151, 214). I am aware that Mr. G. M. Tre- velyan in his notes to Meredith's ' Poetical Works' (1912) says that the "memorable lady " is presumably Mrs. Browning (or Aurora Leigh), but the quotation from Madame de Stael, " L'esprit humain fait progres ton jours, mais c'est progres en spirale," seems to be closer to Meredith's
" Spiral " the memorable Lady terms
Our mind's ascent
than the passage from * Aurora Leigh,' " What is art," &c., in bk. iv. 1. 1151.
Is there any book containing sayings of Madame de Stael apart from her published works ? M. A. C.
OBROK OF OBBOK (11 S. ix. 208). The only account of this family I know occurs in Temple's ' Thanage of Fermartyn,' p. 637. Mr. James Orrock, the art connoisseur, a descendant of the family, once told me he was quite at sea about its history. I have occasionally tried my hand at -it, but with little more success than LADY HELEN
FOBBES. J, M. BULLOCH.
123, Pall Mall, S.W.
LOMBABD STBEET BANKEBS : SIB STE- PHEN EVANCE (US. ix. 230). The P.C.C. Administration Act Book of Nov., 1753, contains a detailed account of the business concerns, bankruptcy, and intestacy of Sir Stephen Evance in years long previous. Defoe, in ' The Life of Col. Jack,' relates somewhere the division of the proceeds of a theft. " Among the rest was a goldsmith's note of one Sir Stephen Evans for 300Z., payable to the bearer and at demand."
Evance's concerns with Whitfield Haytor and John Cudworth of London in 1693 led to litigation. The transactions between the parties had reference to the shares of the
WTiite Paper Making Company ; Record of the suit is to be found in ' Bills and Answers,' vol. xi., bundle 72, Nos. 2 and 32.
Evance voted as a goldsmith at the London election of 1710, and died c. 1738.
J. C. WHITEBBOOK.
MILTON QUEBIES (11 S. ix. 150, 198, 216). The * Catholic Encyclopaedia ' (New York, Robert Appleton Company), vol. iii. p. 562, col. 2, under * Chalice ' speaks of
"a remark attributed to St. -Boniface (c. 740) that in the early ages of the Church the priests were of gold and the chalices of wood, but that now the chalices were of gold and the priests of wood."
The original words are not quoted, and no- reference is given. Two passages in Bishop Jewel's works and the notes of his editor, the Rev. John Ayre, set one on the right track :
" Verily Bonifacius, talking of the change of the holy cups, -which in the old times had been treen, and in his time were made of gold : ' Then,' said he, ' we had treen cups and golden priestsj but now we have golden cups and treen priests.' ' The margin has " Bonifacius de Con. Dist. I. Vasa." * A Replie vnto M. Harding's Answer/ Article I., ' Works,' Parker Society, pt. i. pp. 120, 121.
" Boniface, being himself a bishop, said : ' In old time we had treen chalices and golden priests ; but now we have treen priests and golden chalices." ' Certain Sermons,' II., on Haggai i. 2-4, ' Works,' pt. ii. p. 993.
Ayre's notes supply the words and reference :
"Bonifacius respondit : Quondam sacer-
dotes aurei ligneis calicibus utebantur ; mine e contrario lignei sacerdotes aureis utuntur calici- bus. Ex Cone. Trib. in Corp. Jur. Canon. Lugd. 1624. Decret. Gratian. Deer. Tert. Pars, De Consecr. Dist. I. can. 44, col. 1900."
I have no means of consulting the * De- cretum ' of Gratian. The ' General Index ' to the Parker Society's publications, under 'Boniface (St.), abp. of Mentz,' implies some doubt as to which Boniface is meant by printing "his (?) expression concerning treen cups and golden priests, &c." Besides the two references to Jewel, one is given to p. 157 of Bishop Pilkington's 'Works.' Perhaps this information can be supple- mented by some one less straitened for books than myself.
It is interesting to see that " treen " is the rendering of ligneus in the passage from More's ' Heresyes ' quoted at the penulti- mate reference by MB. A. R. BAYLEY. Can the saying have become proverbial in English ? EDWABD BENSLY.
TJniv. College, Aberystwyth.