ii s. ix. APRIL 25, i9R] NOTES AND QUERIES.
are given the names of all places where the Black Friars or Dominicans had establish- ments in England. See also Falconer Madan's ' Rough List of MS. Materials for the History of Oxford ' ( 1 887), p. 109, ' Of the House of Dominican Friars.'
Has MB. BLISS looked at the various histories of the draining of Bedford Level W. Dugdale's, for instance, and the narrative reprinted in Arber's ' English Garner,' vol. ii. ? The first attempt to drain this part of Lincolnshire was in 1436. It was done again in the reign of Henry VII. , and again in the time of Queen Elizabeth.
There is an historical account of the ' Sewerage of London,' by Bazalgette, in the Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers, vol. xxiv. ; and Sir J. Rennie dealt with Roman drainage works in the same Proceedings, vol. v. In the Parkes Museum, now allied with the Sani- tary Institute in Buckingham Palace Road, are various old drain - pipes (seventeenth- century or earlier) which have been dug up when excavating London. The Sanitary Institute issues a valuable printed list of lantern-slides for lecturers and others upon the history of sanitation. Among these are slides illustrating Sir John Harrington's closet, 1596; the "first patented closet, 1775: burial during the Plague of London, and many hundreds of others. Bennet Woodcroft's Indexes to Patents would probably reveal a mass of information as to the progress of sanitary appliances.
F. C. Krepp's ' The Sewage Question : a Review of All Systems and Methods,' 1867, and Baldwin Latham's ' Sanitary Engi- neering,' 1878., both contain excellent his- torical summaries of the subject in their introductory chapters.
A. L. HUMPHREYS.
187, Piccadilly, W.
The following book has been published recently : ' The Two Books on the Water Supply of the City of Rome, of Sextus Julius Frontinus, Water Commissioner of the City of Rome, A.T>. 97,' by Clemens Herschel, Hydraulic Engineer, second edition, with illustrations, diagrams, &c. (Longmans). It contains a photographic reproduction of the original MS., the Latin text, and an English translation.
See also the Subject Index of the London Library, s.v. Drainage, Sewage.
WM. H. PEET.
It may be of assistance towards the com- pilation of a bibliography of works relating to the history of drainage systems to note that Etetobb's ' Historical Account of the Great Level of the Fens ' (London, 1793) contains a list of twenty -nine reports dealing with that branch of the subject ; and ' The Law of Land Drainage and Sewers,' by G. G. Kennedy and J. S. Sandars (London, 1884), has a useful list of authorities.
C. E. A. BED WELL.
Middle Temple Library.
MILTON QUERIES (11 S. ix. 150, 198, 216, 272). Ayre gives the Gratian reference correctly. In Friedberg's edition of Richter's edition of the ' Decretum Gratiani ' (Leipzig, 1879) the statement will be found in col. 1305. The title of chap. v. (p. 44) runs : "In ligneis: vasculis dominici corporis et sanguinis sacramenta noil sunt celebraiida." The source is given " Ex Concilio Triburiensi, c. 9 " (that is, the Council of Tribur, May, 895). The text of Gratian is as follows :
" Vasa, quibus sacrosaneta conficiuntur misteria, calices sunt et patens, de quibus Bonifatius, martir et epiacopus, interrogatus si liceret in vasculis ligneis sacramenta conficere, respondit : Quondam sacerdotes non aureis sed ligneis calici- bus utebantur."
Ayre's Latin text is that of the actual canon of the Council itself, can. 18. See Hefele's ' Conciliengeschichte,' iv. (2nd ed., 1879), p. 554. Boniface died, of course, in 755. W. A. B. COOLIDGE.
'THE FISHER BOY' (US. ix. 291). The author of " The Fisher Boy, a poem. . . .by H. C., Esq.," was Samuel William Henry Ireland, the famous forger of Shakespearian manuscripts, and it was published at Lon- don in 1808. Ireland published another work under the pseudonym of " H. C., Esq.," namely, "The Sailor Boy, a poem," &c., 1809. ARCHIBALD SPARKE, F.R.S.L.
[Several other correspondents also thanked for replies.]
ENGLISH SHRINES (US. ix. 208, 277). I am grateful to your correspondents for the information given, and, like the classic boy, I am asking for more. Where \vere " Our Lady of Crowham " and the "Rood of Dagnam " ? The latter, I have ascertained, was not at Dagenham in Essex. It is mentioned in a will together with the shrine of St. Hildeferth at Swanscombe, Kent. St. Hildeferth, in the will referred to, is spelt Tilferts. The corruption of proper names makes the task of tracing some of the lesser- known shrines doubly hard. For example,