11 S. IX. JDNE 13, 1914.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
BISHOP JEWEL'S LIBRARY (11 S. ix. 401, 441). I find from Mr. Wilson's letter to your correspondent and from personal com- munication with him that I misread " c li " in our college register for "c 8 " but even the total sum of 251. of my mistaken state- ment was, as I remarked, excessive for the few books identified,* while that of 120L leaves a very large number unaccounted for. Subsequently to the appearance of my volume in 1897 I found one more book with note of Jewel's ownership : L. Lavater's ' Homiliae ' on the Book of Joshua, printed at Zurich in 1565, has an autograph in- scription presenting it to Jewel. A com- mentary on the Proverbs of Solomon by the same author, printed in 1562, was probably also a gift, but it has no inscription, so far as I can remember. W. I). MACRAY.
HEART-BURIAL (US. viii. 289, 336, 352, 391, 432, 493 ; ix. 38, 92, 234, 275, 375, 398).- In the church Santa Maria Gloriosa de' Frari (commonly called the Frari), Venice, on one of the walls of the tribune, is the monument of Doge Francesco Foscari (d. 1457) erected by his grandson, Nicolo. Just under the sarcophagus, high up the wall, is a small circular medallion, probably of stone, having the conventional heart in relief, gilded, with this inscription :
ALOISII FOSCARI COR
HlC IPSO IVBENTE ANNO DNI MDCCXX
In the same church is the costly, but hideous, monument of Canova. The guide-books say that his heart is deposited therein. As to this the inscription says nothing.
On 30 March, 1904, the heart of La Tour d'Auvergne (Capitaine La Tour d'Auvergne- Corret), Premier Grenadier de France, was deposited with much pomp and ceremony in the Church of the Hotel des Invalides, Paris. The heart of this famous captain, who fighting in the ranks as a private fell at the battle of Neubourg, 27 June, 1800, was for some fourteen years afterwards carried with the colour of the 46th demi- brigacle, until 1814, when many changes were made in the French army. After some time the heart fell into the hands of the Pontavice family. It was Col. de Pontavice who, 011 30 March, 1904, addressing the President, said :
"In the name of my family I have the signal honour to hand to you the heart of my great-uncle La Tour d'Auvergne, to be confided to the nation."
- The item of IGd. for 16s. is clearly a typo-
Before this the heart had been received with military honours at the Gare de Lyon. The 46th Regiment, representing the 46th demi-brigade, took a prominent part in the ceremonial, in the course of which the name of La Tour d'Auvergne was called, as it had been in former years after his death, and the senior sergeant gave the old answer, " Mort au champ d'honneur." (See 10 S. i. 384,470; ii. 52.)
I can add to this list by reference to gravestone over the heart of a certain Countess of Shaftesbury in the cloisters attached to the Trinita Church, Florence ; to the heart of the father of the Duchesse de la Tour d'Auvergne in the Carmelite Convent Cloister, Mount Olivet, Jerusalem ; and to the heart of the late Marquess of Bute, which, according to public notoriety, was also buried on Mount Olivet, Jerusalem. I am sorry I cannot give any dates. The burial of the last-mentioned took place about 1902, I think. G. J., F.S.A.
At the third reference MR. J. HARRIS STONE drew attention to what is apparently the only published work on this subject. ' En- shrined Hearts of Warriors and Illustrious People,' by Emily Sophia Hartshorne, has considerable bibliographical interest. It was printed at Newcastle by J. G. Forster. For the letterpress and ornaments three colours (green, red, and black) are used, and many of the initial letters are illuminated.
Henry Gough made a considerable col- lection "of notes on this subject, and it is possible other works exist in MS.
LAST CRIMINALS BEHEADED IN GREAT BRITAIN (US. ix. 365, 438). I knew several persons who were present at this shocking event, my father being one of them. To call the affair which led to the execution " a revolution " is somewhat far-fetched. Bran- dreth, Ludlam, and Turner were the leaders of a labour movement, the men whom they led, and incited, maybe, to violence, being poor fellows stung " with privation, and maddened by the lack of public sympathy with their distresses. The large crowd as- sembled to witness the execution was wild and full of ferment. Most of the men carried a " crab-stock " or stout ash plant. When Brandreth's head was struck off and then held up to every part of the crowd, there arose a roar of execration from the men and screams from the women. Many were thrown down and trampled upon, and