346 NOTES AND QUERIES. . IX. MAT 4, 78. PORTRAITS IN ACKERMANN'S "OXFORD." In 1814 the History of the University of Oxford was issued in quarto form by the enterprising publisher Rudolph Ackermann,* of the Strand. It is a book that will always prove interesting to old Oxonians, and forms one of a series of works of a similar kind hitherto unparalleled, as The Microcosm, West- minster Abbey, History of the University of Cam- bridge, History of the Public Schools. There are contained in the two volumes eighty-four en- gravings of different public buildings in Oxford, thirty-two of the founders, and seventeen of the costumes of the members of the university. Having frequently heard that the portraits of the wearers of the academicals were those of resident members at the time, it would be useful to as- certain if their names have been preserved, and, as many old Oxonians collect " Oxoniana," it occurs to me that the information may be supplied from these sources. A former rector of mine, a contem- porary of Thomas Arnold and John Keble, and who is still flourishing in a green old age (diu vivat once told me that the portrait of the Scholar was intended for him when an under- graduate of C. C. C., and gave me the names of some others, but unfortunately they have been forgotten. The portraits are cleverly executed, and the academical dress is much the same as that worn at the present time, though the fashionable attire of stiff cravats, knee-breeches, silk stockings, shoes, watch-ribbons with seals appended, &c., be- longing to the period of the Eegency, has long since departed. How very few survivors are there of the Oxford of that day, sixty-four years ago ! The senior member of the university at the present moment seems to be, from the Calendar, the Rev. Arthur Gibson, M.A. of Queen's College, who graduated as B.A. in 1804, ten years prior to the publication of the book referred to, and who is still Rector of Chedworth in Gloucestershire. The date assigned by the same authority to the gradua- tion of the present respected Warden of Merton College, Dr. Bullock Marsham, is 1807. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. ]S r ewbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. TOBACCO SMOKING IN FRANCE. The late Dr. Munaret makes the following remark as to the date of the introduction of tobacco smoking into France : " L'introduction du tabac en France, date-t-elle seule- mentduregne de Frangois I er ? J'ai la preuve d'une anciennete bien plus reculee ; c'est une pipe en fer, rongee par la rouille, dont je vous transmets le croquis, qui a ete deterree par la soc d'une cliarrue, sur le champ de la celebre bataille dite des Tard-Ve?ms, arrivee a Brignais, en 1362,d'apres les Clwoniques de Froissart." Bulletin de la Societe contre I'Alus du Tabac, 1877, p. 25. This ancient pipe would in all probability, like
- See an interesting account of Rudolph Ackermann
and of his many and varied publications in " N. & Q.," 4 th S. iv. 109, 129. other evidences of the same kind, prove illusory. Further details respecting the find would be accept- able. WILLIAM E. A. AXON. Bank Cottage, Barton-on-Irwell. ANTWERPIAN SPANISH INQUISITION TORTURE DUNGEONS. A young friend has told me that he had lately seen at Allmannshooven,f sixteen English miles from Antwerp and five from Lier (station on direct Antwerp-Louvain Railway), the ruined palace of those times (probably Duke of Alva's period), with the rack, pictures (to be had for asking), secret panels, &c., as I saw at Ratisbon, on the Bavarian Danube. Since humanity is more concerned with these realities than with minute criticisms on picture galleries, I recommend this to public notice and insertion in the guide-books ; further antiquarian information being doubtless very desirable to the English tourist's personal in- spection of the barbarous tortures of those times, which quite sickened me when seeing them at Ratisbon, Nuremberg, Venice, Munster, &c. S. M. DRACH. [We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest, to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.] FRENCH HERALDRY. It is proposed by the present directors of the French Protestant Hospital to decorate the Court-room with the armorial bearings of the past governors, deputy governors, and some of the more distinguished early directors. Will any of your correspondents versed in French heraldry supply information as to the arms borne by any of the following persons 1 Philippe Hervart, Baron d'Huningue, elected governor 1720 ; Jean Robethon, Conseiller Prive, do. 1721 ; Guy de Vicouse, Baron de la Court, do. 1722 ; Moise Pujolas, do. 1728 ; Paul Buissiere, do. 1729 ; Pierre Cabibel, deputy governor 1720, governor 1739 ; Jaques Gaultier, elected governor 1745 ; Jean Buissiere, do. 1776 ; Jean de Blagny, do. 1781 ; Jaques Baudoin, elected deputy gover- nor 1718 ; Henri Guinand, do. 1739 ; Pierre Gaussen, do. 1756 ; Claude Desmarets, do. 1759 ; Andre Girardot-Buissieres, do. 1763 ; Jacob Albert, do. 1779 ; Francois Duroure, do. 1785 ; Rene Briand, do. 1797. Philippe Hervart, Baron d'Huningue, gave 4,0001. towards the foundation of the hospital. Pierre Cabibel was probably re- lated to the wife of Jean Galas. All the persons mentioned must after the dates given have lived in or near London, as their attendance at the hospital, or ' ; La Providence," then situated in Bath Street, St. Luke's, was very frequent. Be- j- Jardin de tous les hommes.