Page:Origin and spread of the Tamils.djvu/100

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NOTES TO LECTURE II 89 was a Pandya invasion of Ceylon. The Tamils resident in the country joined them, and Anuradhāpura itself was sacked. The later chronicles state that the Tooth and Bowl Relics were carried off; but there is nothing to confirm this. Seña soon returned to Anuradhāpura, peace having been made. In the ninth year of Sena II (866-901) his general invaded the Pandyan country, took and sacked Madura and set on the throne, a pretender, as the Pandya ruler had died of wounds received in battle. In the reign of Kassapa V (929-939 A.D.) the Pandyan King Rājasimhan asked for his help against the Colas. But the Sinhalese army which went to India had to return unsuccessful. Under Dappula V (940-952 A.D. Cir. 918-9) the Pāņdyan king arrived in Ceylon, Aying from the Colas. The Sinhalese monarch was preparing to give him help when a sudden strife arose among the princes of the Island, and the Pandyan had to retire to Malabar disappointed, leaving behind his crown and royal ornaments. Parāntaka Cola took advantage of the weakness of Udaya III (C. A.D. 942-3) and sent an embassy for the restoration of the Pandyan regalia, left in Ceylon in the time of Dappula III. On getting a refusal, Paräntaka invaded Ceylon and Udaya filed with the regalia towards Rohana. The Colas returned to their own country " leaving the island in great fear" (probably because of an unexpected Rāştrakūta attack), and U daya revenged himself by destroying " the borders of the dominion of the king of Cola." Under Mahinda IV who married a Kalinga princess, Ceylon was attacked by King Sri Vallabha, (the Pandya) whose general was slain. Sena V (Circa 991 A.D.) had to suffer from the rebellion of the Tamil residents in Ceylon.