Page:Origin and spread of the Tamils.djvu/66

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NOTES TO LECTURE I representative. But whilst the Aravallis were clearly the north-western limit of this prehistoric continent, it is not quite so clear what formed the boundary on the north-east, There was no Gangetic basin in those days, and it was probably that the Rajmalial hills and the hills of Assam continued the land area of the Himalayas east of Sikkim ; for it is certain that the eastern Himalayas are vastly older than the western, while the Burmese mountains are comparatively young. Next followed a long period of reposo and of the silent process of alluvial deposit by river action, during which the wide central beds called Gondwana were formed. Here we must note the existence of ice-worn boulders and the evidence of former glaciers in Rajputana; and at this point we are faced with the almost indisputable fact that the India of the Aravallis and of the Rajmahal hills was but an exlension from South Africa. The evidence which has been collected to prove this ancient connection seems to be conclusive (See India by Col. Sir T. H. Holdich, pp. 7-8). Cp. Traite de Geoloic by A de Lapparent (4th edn.); Lemuria by Cerve (Fowler); Atlantis and Lemuria by Steiner (Anthropos); Problem of Lemuria by Spence (Rider); The Drift of Continents, by Wegner (Royal Geographical Jour, 1934-36.) There are some finds which clearly belong to the age of the Pre-Chellean Eolithic Culture. One is a boucher of Vindhyan sandstone discovered at Bhutra in Narasingapur district in the Narbada valley. In the same place were found bones of some animals. The second was the Pre-Chellean Godavari chip or flake found at Mungi near Paithan in Hyderabad (Dn.), together with bones of some animals. The finds at Bhutra bave got affinities with the African and European, and certainly with those discovered at Burma,