Page:Origin and spread of the Tamils.djvu/68

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NOTES TO LECTURE I 57 When the Dravidians of India whom we now identify as the original nucleus of the Hamitic race, settled in the land that spread between the Indus and the Ganges after the Flood, they found there, and specially on the southern shores, a race of negritoes, a sub-group of the black race, who have left numberless relics of their past in the shape of prehistoric implements and ethnological characteristics. (Hamitic IndoMediterranian Race' in the New Review, Vol. XIV, pp. 189 and 192). 4. The Madras and Chingleput districts contain numerous traces of the Palaeolithic man. No habitations of palaeolithic men have, so far as is known, survived to the present day in Southern, Central and Western India; and from their weapons and tools made largely of quartzite now remaining the fairest inference is that they were an uncultured people but not gross savages, their artifacts in stone being in kind more numerous than, and in shape and make far superior to those of the Tasmanians and Australians, when first visited by Captain Cook and contemporary navigators and the earliest British colonists. (Robert Bruce Foote, The Foote Collection of Indian Prehistoric and Protohistoric Antiquities-Notes on their Ages and Distribution, p. 8). The absence of palaeolitic finns in Kerala may here be noted. 5. See Chaman Lal, Hindu America (Bombay, 1940). There is an interesting paper by Dr. Ludwik Sternbach on "Similar Social and Legal Institutions in Ancient India and in Ancient Mexico," Poona Orientalist, VI, pp. 43-56. Until the arrival of the Spaniards in Peru in the early sixteenth century, the Peruvians were worshippers of the Sun and their king claimed to be a desendant of the solar dynasty. The great temple of the Sun dominated the ancient town of Cuzco.