Page:Origin and spread of the Tamils.djvu/80

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NOTES TO LECTURE I 69 across a genuine chipped implement among the material turned out of a small ballast pit dug in the lateritic gravel on the parade ground at Pallavaram to the southward of Madras. The correctness of my recognition of the Pallayaram specimen as a genuine palaeolith was fully confirmed by a great find of such artifacts, made in company with my friend and colleague Mr. William King, Junior, in the valley of the Attrampakkam nullah 40 miles northwest of Madras city. This was in September 1863." 26. Mr. J. W. Breeks M.C.S., opened many old cairns in the Nilgris plateau and described them in his important work entitled Account of the Primitive Tribes and Monuments of the Nilgris. Mr. Rea of the Archaeological Department accumulated the Tinnevelly collection of the pre-historic antiquities in the Madras Museum. (See also A. Rea, Some Pre-Historic Burial Places in Southern India (Megalithic and Earthenware tombs at Pallavaram) J.A.S.B., Vol. LVII, Part I, No. 2 of 1888. 27. Anpavasal was one of the earliest abodes of man in the Kolattur Taluq of the Pudukottah State. The late P.T.S. Aiyangar holds a strong belief that this State must have been the home of the paleolithic man and that the best district for the study of the burial customs of neolithic man is also the same State. In the region round the modern town of Pudukottah evidences are available for the continual flourishing of man from the Paleolithic Age. (See, A Manual of the Pudukottai State, Revised Edn. Vol. I, pp. 516-18 and Vol. II. Chap. xxiii, Sec. I.) The Editor would not class all these burials as pre-historic or neolithic. 28. Mr. Bruce Foote says that there are very few paleolithic caves in South India and in only one of them were remains of the Paleolithic Age found; these were a few carved