Page:Origin of the Anglo-Saxon Race.djvu/90

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.

76

Origin of the Anglo-Saxon Race.


with the character of the Frisians, and may perhaps be taken to refer also to them.[1] The accounts which Tacitus gives of the German people between the Rhine and the Elbe are of more value than that of those beyond the Elbe, for in the former case he wrote from information collected from people who had actually travelled through the countries, which in the latter was probably not the case, as the countries were further removed from the Roman influence.[2]

The question may here suggest itself: What have these Chauci or Chaucians to do with the English settlement? I see no reason to doubt that they had a considerable share in it. Kemble found near Stade, in the part of ancient Frisia occupied by the Chaucians, and also far up the Weser, certain mortuary urns of a kind that is rare or unknown in other parts of Germany, but known to occur in Suffolk, Warwickshire, Derbyshire, the Isle of Wight, and other parts of England,[3] and the Chaucian name apparently survives in many old English place-names.

Pto1emy’s account of these people agrees in regard to their locality with that of Tacitus. He says that they were contiguous to the Frisii, and, like them, extended along the coast, but also further inland. He tells us also that the Frisii lay in front of the Angrivarii, who, as we have seen, were a tribe of the Saxons, for these Angrivarii of the earlier centuries were the same as the Angarians or Engern people of Carlovingian time. Ptolemy says that the Chauci reached to the Elbe.[4] The survival of such a name as Cuxhaven in their old country is significant, the first syllable Cux having come form Chauc. This etymology, which has generally been adopted,[5] is important in reference to the traces of the

  1. Bosworth, Joseph, loc. cit., p. 48.
  2. Latham, R. G., loc. cit., ‘Prolegomena,’ xv.
  3. Beddoe, J., ‘Races in Britain,’ p. 46.
  4. Ptolemy, ii. 2.
  5. Latham, R. G., loc. cit., 242.