Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 23.djvu/432

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418

��THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

��us, and briefly to outline the course of its argument ; but our sketch gives no ade- quate idea of the number and importance of the specific topics that are treated in the course of the exposition. Many of the larger and more urgent questions of the time are taken up, and, while considered in relation to the fundamental principle which it is the object of the work to develop, they are handled in a way that is full of sug- gestiveness and valuable instruction.

Our Home Physician : A Popular Guide to the Art of preserving Health and treating disease. by george m. Beard, M. D., assisted by Eminent Medi- cal Authorities. New York : E. B. Treat. Pp. 1,506, with Plates. Price, $6.

This work is designed to present, in a form intelligible to ordinary readers, a re- view of the whole field of medical science, so far as it is of practical application and popular acquaintance with it is desirable. It includes within its scope anatomy, physi- ology, hygiene, and the employment of sim- ple treatment and remedies. It gives in- formation concerning the structure of the human body and the functions of its organs ; on diet, stimulants, narcotics, air, sunlight, exercise, and bathing ; on the care of the sick-room, the management of infants and children ; on the general laws and history of disease ; and on the treatment of accidents and emergencies, with descriptions of fa- miliar remedies, for all persons and every household ; together with suggestions con- cerning the special care and treatment of obscure and grave diseases and the applica- tion of powerful remedies, for persons who, like planters, miners, sailors, travelers, and dwellers in remote districts, are beyond the reach of skillful medical aid, and must be either treated by themselves or by their friends, or left to suffer. The great advance that has been made in the science of medi- cine during the last quarter of a century is duly recognized ; and prominence is given to the view that the types, phases, and names of diseases have wonderfully changed during that period, and that a greater revo- lution has been wrought in the method of treatment and the selection of remedies. Hence, physicians are more successful in the treatment of disease now than formerally ; and the fact is enforced that a large num-

��ber of maladies formerly regarded as incur- able have been found susceptible of relief and cure, and that the accession of a con- siderable proportion of diseases may be pre- vented by timely and suitable precautions. On the subject of medical schools and sys- tems, the broad principle is assumed that " the wise physician of our time uses for his patients all things that have been proved to be beneficial." The author has been aided by authorities and physicians of recognized standing in the preparation of the several departments of his work. His aim has been, in his own words, " to prepare a comprehen- sive, popular treatise, . . . that shall say just enough to instruct and not so much as to be- wilder ; that shall fairly represent the va- rious departments in language both clear and attractive, as well as accurate and in. structive ; that shall make broad and plain the boundaries between those subjects which the people can and should know and those which they should not attempt to know ; and that shall treat all this large variety of themes in such a manner as not to offend the taste of the best-ordered household." The work is illustrated by fifteen chromo- lithographic plates and numerous woodcuts.

The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Halm Waldo Emerson, lS34-"72. Boston: James R. Osgood & Co. Vol. I, pp. 368 ; Vol. II, pp. 383. Price, $4.

This work, edited by Charles Elliot Nor- ton, is one of remarkable interest, and is unique in literature. It covers a period of thirty-eight years in the intellectual life of two gifted and remarkable men belonging to different nationalities, and who were early drawn together by a sympathy of ideas and a mutual appreciation of genius before either had conquered a position in the world of pub- lic letters. The work has all the interest of personality, and is a sort of compound auto- biography or revelation of the inside life of the distinguished men whose intimate and prolonged correspondence makes up the vol- umes. The characters of Carlyle and Em- erson were, of course, both formed before they came into this relation of close corre- spondence ; but the epistolary record covers the period of their mental development, and brings it to the maturity of advanced age, when it ceased, through the decline of liter-

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