Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 41.djvu/729

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POPULAR MISCELLANY.

Prosser, C. S. Thickness of the Devonian and Silurian Rocks of Western New York. Rochester Academy of Sciences, 1802. Pp. 54.

Ridgway, Robert. The Humming-bird. Smithsonian Institution, 1892. Pp. 128. Illustrated.

Riley, C. V. Some Interrelations of Plants and Insects. Biological Society of Washington. Pp. 22. Illustrated.—On the Time of Transformation in the Genus Lachnosterna. Entomological Society of Washington. Pp. 3.—Speech at the Second Trustees' Banquet of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Pp. 4.—List of the Tineina of Boreal America. Pp. 21.—The Mexican Jumping Bean. Pp. 4.—Directions for collecting and preserving Insects. Smithsonian Institution, 1892. Pp. 147.

Shinier, P. W. A Microscopic Sediment-collector. Reprint, 1892. Pp. 8. Illustrated.

Shufeldt, R. W. Indian Types of Beauty. Reprint, 1891. Pp. 24. Illustrated.

Smith, E. A. On the Phosphates and Marls of Alabama. Montgomery, Ala, 1892. Pp. 82.

Smith, E. E. The Chemistry of Peach-yellows. Reprint, 1891. Pp. 16.

Spalding, J. L. The Catholic Educational Exhibit in the Columbian Exposition. Reprint, 1892. Pp. 6.

Stone, C. H. The Problem of Domestic Service. St. Louis: Nelson Printing Co., 1892. Pp. 46.

Stone. An Illustrated Monthly Magazine. Indianapolis: D. H. Ranck Publishing Co., June, 1892. 25 cents a number, $2 a year.

Taylor, W. E. The Ophidia of Nebraska. Reprint, 1891. Pp. 47.

Thayer, W. H. Errors in Ventilation. Two Papers. Reprints, 1892. Pp. 6 and 4.

Thein, John. Christian Anthropology. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1892. Pp. 576.

Transactions of the Technical Society of the Pacific Coast. Vol. IS, No. 5. San Francisco, June, 1892. Pp. 17. Illustrated.

Trevert, E. Electric Railway Engineering. Lynn, Mass.: Bubier Publishing Co., 1892. Pp. 186. Illustrated.

Troy, D. S. The Value of Money, etc. Montgomery, Ala. Reprint, 1832. Pp. 26.

Weismann, August. Essays upon Heredity. Vol. n. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892. Pp. 126. $1.30.

Westland, Albert. The Wife and Mother. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1892. Pp. 282. $2.

Whiting, C. E. The Complete Music Reader. Boston: D. C. Heath, 1891. Pp. 224. 85 cents.

Winchell, N. H. The Geological and Natural History Survey of Minnesota. Nineteenth Annual Report. Minneapolis, 1892. Pp. 255. Illustrated.

World's Columbian Exposition. Memorial to Congress on a Comprehensive Exhibit of Roads, their Construction, etc.

Yandel, D. W. Temperament. Louisville, 1892. Pp. 21.

 


POPULAR MISCELLANY.

Moral, Manual, and Science Training in the Boston Public Schools.—The report of Mr. Ellis Peterson, of the Board of Supervisors, on the Revision of the Courses of Study in the Boston Public Schools, begins with a notice of the rules concerning moral teaching. Teachers are expected to give instruction for a few minutes in good manners and good morals at the opening of the school, and at other favorable opportunities, avoiding sectarian subjects. Conversations and written exercises on good manners and good morals are prescribed for the upper classes. Referring to the standard of proficiency in scholarship, the report advises, that instead of considering absolutely what the pupil has accomplished, when the naturally brightest one will easily carry off the reward, the teacher should look to relative ability, and commend those who have done their best. Physical training is given through the Ling system of gymnastics. Manual training appears in the course of study for the first time. The principle on which it is given is represented in the sentence, "All drawing should be the expression of facts which they have been led by their teacher to observe in solid forms." The observation of Nature, plants, and animals by pupils is closely followed by lessons in manual training; while drawing and oral and written language are used to express the results of observation and manual work. The work of observation begun in the primary schools is continued, under the name of elementary science, in the grammar schools. The first line of work in this direction is in physiology and hygiene. Books have to be depended upon for this study, and their statements taken upon trust. "The information thus gained is of little educational value, but is believed to be of great practical use." The second line of science work is in the direction of natural history. The observation of animals, plants, and minerals is continued. Pupils are expected to study plant-life with the help of window gardening, or a school garden; to collect specimens of grains, woods, pressed leaves, and wild flowers, and of some typical animals, plants, and minerals; and to learn the relation of mineral, vegetable, and animal products to arts, industries, and commerce. The third kind of science-work required by the course of study is the observation of physical phenomena. The educational value of these lines of science-work is in proportion to the degree in which the method of work is observational, inductive, and systematic.

 

Muir Glacier, Alaska.—Muir Glacier, Alaska, as described by Harry Fielding