Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 43.djvu/282

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ful, and conscientious. Jackson's faults and autocratic acts are not concealed, while bis sterling qualities and remarkable achievements are set forth in due prominence. The account of Jackson's campaign in defense of New Orleans is given large space in the volume. It is told with much vivid detail, and has the fascination of a tale of brave and forceful deeds, which it is. This book is notable, too, as being the last literary labor of its author, who passed away two months after it was completed.

The series is to be continued with lives of Washington, Greene, Sherman, Grant, Lee, and many others.

The Industrial Arts of the Anglo-Saxons. By the Baron J. De Baye. Translated by T. B. Harbottle. London: Swan, Sonnenschein & Co. New York: Macmillan & Co. 1893. Pp. 135, 4to. Price, $7.

This work, which is illustrated with thirty-one cuts in the text and seventeen full page engravings, although of considerable value to archæological students, does not shed much ethnographic light. As a matter of fact, all attempts at an arrangement of antique arts and industries must to a certain extent be arbitrary and artificial, as chronological classification can not be fully carried out in the present condition of archæological research. Baron de Baye claims that the Jutes occupy the first place, chronologically, among the invading barbarians of Great Britain. The Saxons and Angles followed soon afterward, and, according to the author, they all settled in Kent, in which county the most perfect archæological specimens of the ancient Anglo-Saxon industries are found. The baron uses Eutropius, Ptolemy, and Tacitus very freely in his proofs of the German ancestry of the early Britons; but it is an incontestable fact that long before the advent of the Anglo-Saxon barbarians, the Kelts, who were settled in Ireland, had made incursions into England. The archæological specimens of Anglo-Saxon industries which are illustrated in the beautiful volume we have under observation clearly resemble the accepted evidences of an earlier industrial condition among the Irish Kelts, and, more distinctly than the authorities quoted by Baron de Baye, assert their parentage as Keltic and not Germanic.

Apart from this too frequent error of the ethnographer, the author has compiled a very valuable addition to the archæological literature of England. The chapters on Anglo-Saxon fibulæ are not alone interesting but important, although they stamp the evidence of origin as Scandinavian rather than German. In these chapters the author proves with tolerable clearness an archæological point which has occupied the attention of savants for centuries, for he shows that the fibulae which have been discovered in Kent and the Isle of Wight are of continental origin, and precisely similar in construction to the ornaments of Gothic manufacture which have been found in the barbarian cemeteries of the continent. This discovery at once establishes a proof of intercourse, and illustrates the artistic influence exerted over that part of Britain which was near to France; while in other parts of the work we have, upon comparison with the catalogue of the Museum of the Royal Irish Academy, distinct evidences of a Keltic origin for the industrial arts of the early Britons.

The author's analysis of the uses of the beads and crystal balls which have been found in the graves of the Anglo-Saxons is very interesting. In Nenia Britannica it is claimed that they were used for occult purposes, whereas Mr. Roach Smith is of opinion that "all the objects exhumed are capable of a perfectly simple explanation." Baron de Baye, however, asserts with somewhat of authority that they were used as talismans against sickness and "to neutralize the force of the enemy's blows." The work is excellently printed and got up, and the plates and references will be found to be of exceeding interest to ethnographical students.

Faith-Healing, Christian Science and Kindred Phenomena. By J. M. Buckley, LL. D. New York: The Century Company. Pp. 308.

Besides the subjects named in the title, those of Astrology, Divination, and Coincidences; Dreams, Nightmare, and Somnambulism; Presentiments, Visions, and Apparitions; and Witchcraft, are treated of in this volume. In his discussions the author has adopted certain principles as working laws,