Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 43.djvu/56

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46
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

physical relation, that the depths of the sea are about equal to the heights of the mountains, has given place to exact notions as to the depths as well as the heights.

The greatest known depths that have been reliably sounded in the different oceans are given in the following list:

Latitude. Longitude.
Depth in
fathoms.

North Atlantic Ocean 19° 39' N. 66° 26' W. 4,561
South Atlantic Ocean 19° 55' S. 24° 50' W. 3,284
North Sea (Skagerack) 58° 12' N. 9° 30' E. 442
Baltic Sea 58° 37' N. 18° 30' E. 233
Mediterranean Sea 35° 45' N. 21° 46' E. 2,405
Black Sea 42° 55' N. 33° 18' E. 1,431
Carribean Sea 19°  0' N. 81° 10' W. 3,427
Indian Ocean 11° 22' S. 116° 50' E. 3,393
North Pacific Ocean 44° 55' N. 152° 26' E. 4,655
South Pacific Ocean 24° 37' S. 175° 08' W. 4,428
Bering Sea 54° 30' N. 175° 32' W. 2,146
Sea of Japan 38° 30' N. 135°  0' N. 1,64
China Sea 17° 15' N. 118° 50' E. 2,35
Sulu Sea 8° 32' N. 121° 55' E. 2,549
Celebes Sea 4° 16' N. 124° 02' E. 2,794
Banda Sea 5° 24' S. 130° 37' E. 2,799
Flores Sea 7° 43' S. 120° 26' E. 2,799
Arctic Ocean 78° 05' N. 2° 30' W. 2,469
Antarctic Ocean 62° 26' S. 95° 44' E. 1,975


THE CULTIVATION OF HUMANE IDEAS AND FEELINGS.[1]
By Prof. WESLEY MILLS, M. A., M. D.,

MC GILL UNIVERSITY, MONTREAL.

THE main object of every society for the prevention of cruelty to animals I take to be the establishment of right feelings toward our speechless fellow-creatures. But feeling, to be correct, strong, and abiding, must be based on sound conceptions of the nature of that toward which it is exercised. So long as any individual believes that another wishes to injure him, so long will he find it most difficult to entertain kindly feelings toward the man that he deems his enemy; but let it appear that he has entirely misunderstood the motive and actions of the individual in question—that instead of an enemy he proves to be a friend—and the whole current of feeling is changed. Thus would it be, in my opinion, with thousands of people if they could be made to see animals in their true light.

Glancing at historical and national views of animal life, we find at all periods widely different conceptions, and consequently

  1. An Address before the American Humane Association, Philadelphia, October 27, 1892.