groups of manageable size for the investigation of 'The Pike.' No account of the congress would be complete which should fail to mention the series of formal entertainments arranged for its members. On Monday night the exposition celebrated the opening of the congress by special illuminations about the Grand Basin—a truly magnificent display. An attractive garden fête was given one afternoon at the French Pavilion by the Commissioner General from France. Another evening the German Imperial Commissioner General received at the German State House, with a hospitality that was handsome in its elegance and generosity. Other receptions were given by the Japanese Commissioner General and the Board of Lady Managers of the exposition. The Shaw banquet to the foreign delegates called forth numerous expressions of appreciation.
Perhaps in no event of the week was the informing spirit of the whole so impressively present to all as it was on the occasion of the closing banquet to the officers and speakers of the whole congress, tendered by the president of the exposition. In the great banquet hall of the Tyrolean Alps were assembled, for the second time, the whole personnel of the congress. The prevailing sentiment of scientific fellowship came out in all the speeches.
Commissioner Lewald made a ringing speech in German, Professor Darboux spoke in French, Signor Brunialti in Italian. Mr. Bryce. who spoke for British science with knowledge and with point, added that 'every meeting like this makes for international good will and every step like this is not only a step toward the advancement of knowledge: it is also a step toward the advancement of peace.' Notable too was the speech of Professor Nobushize Hozumi, of Tokio, one of the speakers in the section of comparative law and honorary vice-president for Japan. With winning felicity and consummate tact he expressed the pleasure which his countrymen had in cooperating with a distinguished Russian scholar in the congress, and added that this was the only place in which Japan could meet on equal terms that country with which it is at war in another part of the world.
The congress over, its members were soon scattered. Fortunately, many of the foreign guests were able to linger in our country for the purpose of traveling, visiting friends, or giving lectures. They were received by the President at the White House, also by Professor and Mrs. Newcomb in Washington; were entertained in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and elaborately in Boston and Cambridge by Professor Münsterberg and others; also at Yale and in Yew York, where the closing festivity was held under the auspices of the Association of Old German Students, and friendships old and new were cemented.
In what has preceded emphasis has been laid almost exclusively oh the personal element. This it is which gave distinction to the congress and which made the most immediate impression. After the publication of the addresses, for which a special appropriation has