��THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY
��wheat, hay and cotton at more than one third and the smaller crops at nearly one third. The annual value of animal products is approximating three billion dollars.
The work of the Department of Agri- culture is commensurate with this vast production of the farms. W hen secre- tary \Yilson assumed charge eleven years ago, there were less than 2,500 persons employed. There are now more than 10,000, and of these more than 2,600 may be classified as scientific men. The bureau that has had the most remarkable growth is the Forest Service, which has increased from 14 persons to 3,753. It administers an area of national forests amounting to 168,000,000 acres, Avhich paid laf?t year into the national treasury $1,800,003 in receipts. The income of the agricul- tural colleges was five million dollars in 1897 and fifteen million dollars in 1908. There was one agricultural high school in the former year and no nor- mal school taught agriculture. There are now fifty-five agricultural high schools and one hundred and fifteen normal schools at which agriculture is taught. The Department of Agricul- ture distributed last year nearly seven- teen million publications. The more these are read the better it is, not only for the farmers of the country, but for all the people.
SCIENTIFIC ITEMS We record with regret the deaths of George Washington Hough, professor
��of astronomy at Northwestern Univer- sity and director of the Dearborn Ob- servatory, and of Thomas Gray, pro- fessor of engineering at the Rose Poly- - technic Institute.
Presiding officers of societies meet- ing at Baltimore were elected as fol- lows: The American Society of Nat- uralists, Professor T. H. Morgan, of Columbia University; The Geological Society of America, Mr. G. K. Gilbert, of the U. S. Geological Survey, for the second time, he having held this office in 1892; The American Chemical So- ciety, Dr. W. R. Whitney, director of the Research Laboratories of the Gen- eral Electric Company, at Schenectady^ The American Zoological Society, Pro- fessor Herbert E. Jennings, of the Johns Hopkins University; The Amer- ican Anthropological Association, Dr. W. H. Holmes, chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology; The American Psychological Association, Professor Charles H. Judd, professor of psychol- ogy at Yale University and director- elect of the School of Education in the University of Chicago; The American Philosophical Association, Professor J. G. Hibben, of Princeton University.
Professor T. C. Chambeelin, after presiding at the Baltimore meeting of the American Association, left for San Francisco on his way to China, where he will study the geology of the coun- try with special reference to its influ- ence on social and educational condi- tions, as a member of a commission sent by the University of Chicago.