Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 74.djvu/417

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413
THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE

PORTRAITS OF DARWIN

In this number of The Popular Science Monthly, commemorating the hundredth anniversary of Darwin's birth, are reproduced eight portraits. The first of these, given as a frontispiece, is from a Woodbury-type made from life by Lock and Whitfield and published in "Men of Mark" by Sampson, Low and Company about 1876. It gives perhaps a better impression of Darwin as he actually looked in his later years than any other portrait. There follows a portrait from a photograph by Maull and Fox taken about 1854. At the same time a similar photograph was made from which a somewhat idealized portrait was engraved in wood for Harper's Magazine for October, 1884. The portrait next given appeared in the Quarterly Journal of Science in 1866. There then follows a reproduction of an engraving on steel made for Nature in 1874 by C. H. Jeens from a photograph taken by O. J. Rejlander about 1870. The next Illustration is a photograph of the bronze bust made by Mr. William Couper and presented by the New York Academy of Sciences to the American Museum of Natural History on the hundredth anniversary of Darwin's birth. A second photograph of this bust as it stands on the pedestal is given at the end of the number. The origin of the portrait next given is not known to the editor. The following portrait is from a photograph taken by Mrs. Cameron at the Isle of Wight in 1868. Darwin wrote under it "I like this photograph very much better than any other which has been taken of me." The last portrait is from an engraving on wood by G. Cruels for "The Life and Letters," from a photograph taken by Elliott and Fry in 1881.

There are also given portraits of several of those whose relations to Darwin and his work were especially intimate: Alfred R. Wallace, whose paper on natural selection was presented simultaneously with Darwin's and whose subsequent contributions to the theory of evolution are notable, whom Darwin calls "generous and noble"; Sir Joseph Hooker, the most eminent of British botanists, the lifelong friend and scientific adviser of Darwin, of whom he says: "I have known hardly any man more lovable"; Sir Charles Lyell, whose "Principles of Geology" was Darwin's early inspiration and who was later his warm friend and constant adviser, who with Hooker presented to the Linnean Society the papers on natural selection; the Rev. J. R. Malthus, whose "Principles of Population" suggested the idea of natural selection to both Darwin and Wallace, as Lyell's "Principles" had previously impressed on them the idea of evolution; Erasmus Darwin, poet and philosopher, defender of the doctrine of the transmutation of species, whose grandson resembled him in many traits.