THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY
one who has most enriched the history of fishes. He made known 100 (105), all at that epoch new to science, and has given descriptions very superior to all the authors who had preceded him.
Gunther (1880) writes:
Markgrav especially studied the fauna of the country. . . his fourth book treats of fishes. He describes about 100 species, all of which had been previously unknown, in a manner far superior to that of his predecessors. The accompanying figures are not good, but nearly always recognizable, and giving a fair idea of the form of the fish.
Jordan (1905) notes that
Marcgraf described about 100 species, all new to science, under Portuguese names and with a good deal of spirit and accuracy. . . . This is the first study