Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 84.djvu/521

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THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE

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��The report of the president. Dr. Os- born, reviews the general progress of the work of the museum, noting the es- tablishment of a contributory pension system, according to which the em- ployee contributes to the fund three per cent, of his salary and the trustees provide an equal amount. Among in- stallations, the collection of bronzes made in China by Dr. Laufer is espe- cially noted. Gifts include the Mason archeological collection from Tennessee by the late Mr. J. P. Morgan, the Angelo Heilprin Exploring Fund, es- tablished by Mr. and Mrs. Paul J. Sachs, . and numerous specimens from individuals and institutions.

The museum, however, must depend for its most valuable accessions on its own expeditions. The number and range of these expeditions in 1913 are shown on the chart. The expedition to Crocker Land, under Mr. McMillan, suf- fered from the stranding of the Diana, but has proceeded to the Arctic re- gions. Expeditions to the north in search of bowhead whales and to the south to secure the nearly extinct sea elephant were not successful, but other material was obtained including mo- tion pictures of the life on the seal is- lands. The paleontological and ethno- ogical expeditions in the west from which important collections and re- searches have resulted were continued. In South America Mr. Chapman and others have made ornithological surveys and collections, and the present expedi- tion of Mr. Roosevelt is under the aus- pices of the museum. Africa has been explored by Messrs. Lang, Chapin, Rainsford and Rainey. Dr. Osborn, the president, has visited the French pre- historic caverns. Such expeditions not only increase in the most desirable wav the collections of a museum, but also contribute in large measure to the ad- vancement of science.

THE MAEVELS OF SCIENCE It would perhaps be worth while to issue a number of The Popular Sci- ence Monthly consisting entirely of

��articles sent in by those who in Bishop Berkeley 's phrase are ' ' undebauched by learning. ' ' At first sight it might seem disquieting that there are so many people in the United States without the slightest training or appreciation of scientific methods who would like to publish their views on electricity, grav- ity, the ice age and similar topics, or have them endowed by the Carnegie In- stitution. But we may in fact regard it as a not altogether unsatisfactory symptom of universal education in a democracy, and of growing interest in science. The pseudo-science often ex- hibited in our daily papers and legisla- tive halls will surely be eliminated by a comparatively small increase in edu- cation and the control of public senti- ment by those who know, and we may then look to a notable advance in sci- entific research through the rewards and opportunities which a discrimi- nating public would be able to bestow. While it might be unfair to print some of the contributions sent in, it may not be amiss to quote two para- graphs which have just now been brought to our attention. The first is from a speech in the House of Repre- sentatives by Mr. Hobson of Alabama, which is being widely circulated under the congressional franking privilege. He said:

The last word of science, after exact

research in all the domains, is that alcohol

is a poison. It has been found to be a

hydrocarbon of the formula C 2 H 6 0, that is

produced by the process of fermentation,

and is the toxin or liquid excretion or

waste product of the yeast or ferment

germ. According to the universal law cf

biology that the toxin of one form of life

is a poison to all forms of life of a higher

alcohol, the toxin of the low yeast germ,

is a protoplasmic poison to all life,

whether plant, animal or man, and to all

the living tissues and organs.

After long continued drinking, even though temperate, the microscope shows that the white blood corpuscles, with the serum which contains their vegetable food continually sucked up by the dehydrating toxin, become carnivorous, and begin to feed upon the tissues and organs, like dis- ease germs. The favorite tissue food of

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