cent, above New York, the state outside of New England coming next in rank.
There is another test to which the figures may he subjected. There may conceivably be some relation between the educational advantages offered in cities and the proportion of eminent men developed in any population. The champions of environment as the modifying factor in life insist that the influences of city life go far to outweigh heredity qualities. Therefore, since the northeastern portion of the United States was the original center of educational activity, and since it now contains the largest proportion of city population, it might well be expected to produce the largest proportion of eminent persons.
There were twenty-seven cities which reported a population of more than 20,000 in 1850. A separate tabulation for these gives an excellent idea of the proportion of eminent persons born in city and rural districts. In passing, it is interesting to note that of these twenty-seven cities,
|4||were in New England,|
|10||were in the Middle Atlantic States,|
|4||were in the East North Central States.|
The other six geographical divisions of states have but nine of the twenty-seven cities.
|Time of Birth||Total Eminent Persons||Eminent Per-
sons Born in 27
During the entire period under consideration, these twenty-seven cities contained from one twelfth to one eighth of the population of the United States. The proportion of the total population of the United States living in these twenty-seven cities was,
|In 1850||8.7||per cent.|
|In 1860||11.2||per cent.|
|In 1870||12.8||per cent.|
|In 1880||13.1||per cent.|