Page:Psychology of the Unconscious (1916).djvu/570

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[pp. 87-126

10 "Compare Jung: "Diagnost. Assoc. Stud."; also "The Psychology of Dementia Praecox," Chs. II and III.

11 According to the Christian conception God is Love.

12 Apuleius ("Met.," lib. XI, 257): "At manu dextera gerebam flammis adultam facem: et caput decora corona cinxerat palmae candidae foliis in modum radiorum prosistentibus. Sic ad instar solis exornato et in vicem simulacri constituto" (Then in my right hand I carried a burning torch; while a graceful chaplet encircled my head, the shining leaves of the palm tree projecting from it like rays of light. Thus arrayed like the sun, and placed so as to resemble a statue).

13 The parallel in the Christian mysteries is the crowning with the crown of thorns, the exhibition and mocking of the Savior.

14 In the same way the Sassanian Kings called themselves "Brothers of the Sun and of the Moon." In Egypt the soul of every ruler was a reduplication of the Sun Horus, an incarnation of the sun.

15 "The rising at day out of the Underworld." Erman: "Aegypten," p. 409.

16 Compare the coronation above. Feather, a symbol of power. Feather crown, a crown of rays, halo. Crowning, as such, is an identification with the sun. For example, the spiked crown upon the Roman coins made its appearance at the time when the Cæsars were identified with Sol invictus ("Solis invicti comes"). The halo is the same, that is to say, an image of the sun, just as is the tonsure. The priests of Isis had smooth-shaven heads like stars. (See Apuleius, "Metamorphoses.")

17 Compare with this my statements in "Über die Bedeutung des Vaters für das Schicksal des Einzelnen." Deuticke, Wien.

18 In the text of the so-called Mithra Liturgy are these lines: "Ἐγώ εἰμι σύμπλανος ὑμῖν ἀστὴρ καὶ ἐκ τοῦ βάθους ἀναλάμπων—ταῦτά σου εἰπόντος εὐθέως ὁ δίσκος ἁπλωθήσεται" (I am a star wandering about with you and flaming up from the depths. When thou hast said this, immediately the disc of the sun will unfold). The mystic through his prayers implored the divine power to cause the disc of the sun to expand. In the same way Rostand's "Chantecler" causes the sun to rise by his crowing.

For verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you" (Matthew xvii:20).

19 Compare especially the words of the Gospel of John: "I and my Father are one" (John x:30). "He that hath seen me hath seen the Father" (John xiv:9). "Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me" (John xiv:11). "I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world; again, I leave the world, and go to the Father"

(John xvi:28). "I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God" (John xx:17).

20 See the footnote on p. 137 of text.

21Two-bodied: an obscure epithet, if one does not admit that the dual life of the redeemed, taught in the mysteries of that time, was attributed to God, that is to say, to the libido. Compare the Pauline conception of the σῶμα σαρκικόν and πνευματικόν (carnal and spiritual body). In the Mithraic worship, Mithra seems to be the divine spirit, while Helios