4 QUEEN m60 and THE EGYPTIAN SPHINX.
among the natives of the islands; 1 then along the shores of the Indian Ocean and those of the Persian Gulf to the mouth of the Euphrates; up that river to Babylon, the renowned City of the Sun; thence across the Syrian desert to the valley of the Nile, where they finally settled, and gave the name of their mother country to a district of Nubia, calling it Maiu or Maioo.2 After becoming firmly established in Egypt they sent colonists to Syria. These reached as far north as Mount Taurus, founding on their way settlements along the coast of the Mediterranean, in Sidon, Tyre, the valley of the Orontes, and again on the banks of the Euphrates, to the north of Babylon, in Mesopotamia. [tab]Mayach (that is, "the land that first arose from the bottom of the deep") was the name of the empire whose sov- ereigns bore the title of Can (serpent), spelt to-day khan in Asiatic countries.3 This title, given by the Mayas to their rulers, was derived from the contour of the empire, that of a serpent with inflated breast, which in their books and their sculptures they represented sometimes with, sometimes without wings, as the Egyptians did the uraeus, symbol of their coun- try, AElian says: "It was the custom of the Egyptian kings to wear asps of different colors in their crowns, this reptile
[tab]1 Captain J. Cook, Voyage among the Islands of the Pacific. [tab]2 Henry Brugsch-Bey, History of Egypt under the Pharaohs, vol. i., p. 363; vol. ii., p. 78 (note) and p. 174. The name is comprised in the list of the lands conquered by Thotmes III., and in the list found in a sepulchral chamber in Nubia. [tab]3 Khan is the title of the kings of Tartary, Burmah, Afghanistan, and other Asiatic countries. The flag of China is yellow, with a green dragon or serpent; in the centre. That of the Angles also bore as symbol a dragon or serpent; that of the Saxons, according to Urtti-scind, a lion, a dragon, and over them a flying eagle; that of the Manchous, a golden dragon on a crimson field; that of the Huns, a dragon. Their chief was called Kakhan— short for Khan-Khan.