Page:Roman History of Ammianus Marcellinus.djvu/95

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A.D. 356



I. A panegyric of Julian the Cæsar. - II. Julian attacks and defeats the Allemanni. - III. He recovers Cologne, which had been taken by the Franks, and concludes a peace with the king of the Franks. - IV. He is besieged in the city of Sens by the Allemanni. - V. His virtues. - VI. The prosecution and acquittal of Arbetio. - VII. The Cæsar Julian is defended before the emperor by his chamberlain Eutherius against the accusations of Marcellus. - VIII. Calumnies are rife in the camp of the Emperor Constantius, and the courtiers are rapacious. - IX. The question of peace with the Persians. - X. The triumphal entry of Constantius into Rome. - XI. Julian attacks the Allemanni in the islands of the Rhine in which they had taken refuge, and repairs the fort of Saverne. - XII. He attacks the kings of the Allemanni on the borders of Gaul, and defeats them at Strasburg.


§1. While the chain of destiny was bringing these events to pass in the Roman world, Julian, being at Vienne, was taken by the emperor, then in his own eighth consulship, as a partner in that dignity; and, under the promptings of his own innate energy, dreamt of nothing but the crash of battles and the slaughter of the barbarians; preparing without delay to re-establish the province, and to reunite the fragments that had been broken from it, if only fortune should be favourable to him.

2. And because the great achievements which by his valour and good fortune Julian performed in the Gauls, surpass many of the most gallant exploits of the ancients, I will relate them in order as they occurred, employing all the resources of my talents, moderate as they are, in the hope that they may suffice for the narrative.

3. But what I am about to relate, though not emblazoned by craftily devised falsehood, and being simply a plain statement of facts, supported by evident proofs, will have all the effect of a studied panegyric.

4. For it would seem that some principle of a more than commonly virtuous life guided this young prince from his