Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 1.djvu/210

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vanishes what we call the lightning, as a mere variety, being a name, arising from speech. What is true are the three colours.

5. Great householders and great theologians of olden times who knew this, have declared the same, saying, "No one can henceforth mention to us anything which we have not heard, perceived, or known[1]." Out of these (three colours or forms) they knew all.

6. Whatever they thought looked red, they knew was the colour of fire. Whatever they thought looked white, they knew was the colour of water. Whatever they thought looked black, they knew was the colour of earth.

7. Whatever they thought was altogether unknown, they knew was some combination of those three beings (devatâ).
Now learn from me, my friend, how those three beings, when they reach man, become each of them tripartite.


FIFTH Khanda


1. The earth (food) when eaten becomes threefold; its grossest portion becomes feces, its middle portion flesh, its subtilest portion mind.

2. Water when drunk becomes threefold; its grossest portion becomes water, its middle portion blood, its subtilest portion breath.

3. Fire (i.e. in oil, butter, &c.) when eaten becomes threefold; its grossest portion becomes bone, its middle portion marrow, its subtilest portion speech[2].


  1. This reminds one of the Aristotelian -.
  2. Food, water, and fire are each to be taken as tripartite; hence animals which live on one of the three elements only, still share in some measure the qualities of the other elements also.