Page:Sacred Books of the East - Volume 10.djvu/70

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20. The follower of the law, even if he can recite only a small portion (of the law), but, having for saken passion and hatred and foolishness, possesses true knowledge and serenity of mind, he, caring for nothing in this world or that to come, has in deed a share in the priesthood.

allowed to learn short portions only of the sacred writings by heart, and to repeat them, while others had to learn a larger collection, is shown by the story of Aakkhupdla, p. 3, of Mahakdla, p. 26, &c. See Childers, s. v. sahita. . SdmawTia, which I have rendered by * priesthood,' expresses all that belongs to, or constitutes a real Samawa or -Sramawa, this being the Buddhist name corresponding to the Brahmawa, or priest, of the orthodox Hindus. Buddha himself is frequently called the Good Samawa. FausboU takes the abstract word sdmawwa as corresponding to the Sanskrit sdmdnya, * community,' but Weber has well shown that it ought to be taken as representing jrimawya. He might have quoted the Sima7ma-phala-sutta, of which Burnouf has given such interesting details in his Lotus, p. 449 seq. Faus- boU also, in his notes on v. 332, rightly explains sdmaTiwat^ by jrdmawyatl See Childers, s. v. simawwa. Anupadiydno, which I have translated by * caring for nothing,* has a technical meaning. It is the negative of the fourth Niddna, the so-called Upddana, which Koppen has well explained by Anhanglichkeit, * taking to the world, loving the world.' Koppen, Die Religion des Buddha, p. 610. Cf. Suttanip^ta, v. 470. Digitized by Google