or probably may be in the majority — when he knows that the voting will result in a schism in the Sawgha — when he is in doubt whether the voting will result in a schism in the Sawgha — when the votes are irregularly given 2 — when all do not vote equally 3 — and when they do not vote in accordance with the view (which they really hold). These are the ten cases in which the voting is invalid 4.
2. ' And which are the ten cases in which the voting is valid?'
[The ten cases are precisely the reverse of the other ten.]
1. Now at that time the Bhikkhu Uvi/a 5 , being examined in the midst of the Sawgha with an offence, when he had denied then confessed it, when he had confessed it then denied it, made
Adhammena ga/ihantt ti adhammav&dino eva#i mayam bahu bhavissdmd ti dve dve salak&yo ga^hanti. (S. P.)
On vaggd, here = vi + agga, compare our note on the 21st Piiittiya, and Aullavagga I, 2, 1. Buddhaghosa here says, Vagg£ gawhantf ti dve dhammavidino ekaw dhammavadisaldka/K ga/ihanti eva/w dhammavadino na bahu bhavissanti ti mannamana.
With this chapter the 26th section of chapter 14 should be compared, where very curious means are inculcated for avoiding some of the votes here stated to be invalid.
In the Burmese MSS. the name of this monk is written Upavala.
- App eva nâma. That this phrase does not merely mean 'perhaps' is clear from its use in § 2.